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in what is today Lyakhovichi, Belarus    

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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

This site is hosted at no cost by JewishGen, Inc., the Home of Jewish Genealogy. If you have been aided in your research by this site and wish to further our mission of preserving our history for future generations, your JewishGen-erosity is greatly appreciated.


Documents of Lyakhovichi History:
Imperial Russian Revision Lists

This is a page in our Documents section. Click the button labeled "Documents" in the left-hand column to reach all of the other resources of the Document area.

There were around eight enumerations of Lyakhovichi's Jews by the Russian government prior to the 1897 All-Russia Census. Incredibly the research efforts of Dr. Neville Lamdan and the acquisition efforts of the informal Lyakhovichi special interest group led by Gary Palgon, has put the period covered in four sequential Revision Lists from 1816 through 1850, (and actually reaching back to people from 1811) on these pages. Their efforts will be continuing as they work to bring on to these pages, the 1874 Revision Lists in which many eventual immigrants to the US appear. Dr. Lamdan has also identified materials from 1796 and 1806 which are being surveyed and made available for further analysis. If the materials are what we hope, then we will eventually be able to offer a continued series of whole-family lists from 1784 (the records of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Lyakhovichi Poll Tax) from ten to fifteen years apart in time until there is a slightly longer interval to 1874. If you would like to be kept informed on the progress of this research or otherwise participate, please contact Gary Palgon

NEW JULY 2009!!!!
The Supplementary Revision Lists of 1858-1884 and The 1874 List of Jewish Males of Lyakhovichi are awaiting the completion of funding to be published on our site.Contact Gary Palgon to find out how you can get an early preview.


The Czarist mandate to create Revision Lists specified a particular period in which they were to take place, but immense geography and unpredictable conditions across such an empire, often moved the completed process off schedule. A Revision List scheduled for 1795 would have stragglers reporting over a period of eighteen months. If in fact we have identified Lyakhovichi's "1795" Revision, the date attached seems to indicate its completion in 1796. This of course, is also impacted by the finalization of the Third Partition of Poland in this time period, towns that were still part of Poland-Lithuania on the scheduled date of the census, were necessarily included late or not at all. 1805 is usually cited as the date of the next count of the Pale, but again, we believe that we will actually find Lyakhovichi's tallies dated 1806. Both 1796 and 1806 are being actively sought for publication on this site.

We published in 2005, the 1816 Revision Lists on this site, titling them for both the 1811 and 1816 periods discussed in the documents. Since previously we had not posted either the month-day-year dates on which each Revision was taken or their file numbers in the Family History Library (or of their ultimate fond and file numbe in the Minsk National Historical Archives), the webmaster had missed a key point. We have a signed and dated 1816 Revision, that repeated some information originally taken in 1811, but we do not have and are still searching for an extant copy of the 1811 Revision List. This new edition of the 1816 Revision List does considerably more than simply rename the document. We have added maps, local history, and more analysis, for 1816 and for the information reiterated for 1811. You can now see sample images of individual pages accompanying a signed and dated August 1816 Revision List. According to that document, the Russians could find only seventy Jewish families in Lyakhovichi, a couple of hundred people, in both 1811 and 1816. This would have been an incredible shrinkage from a population of seven hundred plus Jews named in a town census in 1784 before the Russian conquest. So the Russian government came back and did another listing after the confusions of the Napoleonic Wars had settled down. The 1819 Revision List identified another two hundred families and the lists started to be more realistic. Our pages show the 1819 documents, including the seven signatures of Lyakhovichi Jewish community leaders who the Russians required to sign and attest to its completeness. Again, this update accompanies the 1819 Revision with more maps, documents, and local history, to add to our comprehension of both the documents and the time period. Some of our new understanding of the 1816 Revsion List and its 1819 Supplement, comes from our new experience in processing the documents of the next two major tallies in 1834 and 1850. Women appear to be not reported in 1811 if we were going by the compiled materials offered in 1816, but the 1850 Revision demonstrates that this is likely to be an illusion created in transferring the data reported in the previous Revision List. People who were reported as having died since 1811 are found in the households of many families with surnames different from the deceased, in 1816, which would seem to indicate that there was a tie of some kind between the living and the dead. But the 1834 Revision List shows a common practice of enumerating the dead as if they were part of the households of their neighbors that still had living members. This means that whatever we may learn from the families having been enumerated sequentially previously, we can make no assumptions about any decedant being recorded in the same household. The 1819 Revision List seems to show young married males forming new and separate households, by 1834, the new conscription laws seemed to have swept that innovation away.

The 1834 Revision List is available on microfilm but has never been published previously. The 1850 Revision List is also available in the Family History Library but its data has been laboriously compiled and offered complete to researchers, here, for the first time. Both are here and both have a great deal of new information for us about the Lyakhovichi Jewish community. 1834 is the first Revision List after the new conscription legislation went into effect, where Jewish children could be taken as a reserve draft at age thirteen and then inducted on their eighteenth birthdays for a twenty-five year period of service, all of which years, including those of their childhood, were to be served far from home and amidst constant pressure to induce them to convert. The two Revision Lists name specific men and children recruited, and adults who were absent. 1834, like the earlier Revision List of 1816, duplicates in itself many of the listings made in its predecessor count, while still creating a totally separate enumeration, not simply annotations of the earlier document. It specifies the names of those who have died, or legally transferred residence and it lists for every male whether they were recorded in an earlier Revision List and their age in that earlier tally. 1850, does it all again - accounting for each male recorded in 1834, listing those who have died, removed, or are unaccountably absent. Both 1834 and 1850 list for their primary year covered, all men, women, and children, the relationship of all males to the head of household and and the head's relationship to his own wife and children.

As we find each of these lists, we have an ability to greatly expand our knowledge base. Every Revision List from the 1790s through the 1870s listed all of the household members that the family reported. In comparison, the United States began conducting censuses in 1790 and its seventh census in 1850 was the first to list anyone except the head of family by name! The 1834 Revision List gives us names and ages for over 1100 people. The 1850 and its additions in 1851 come close to 1500 names. Each gives us a new perspective on individuals, their family relationships, and the relations of those families to their neighbors. Come use these valuable resources!

Each of the Revision Lists on our website can be accessed from this page. See the column on the left for links and for images from their pages. Some of the page images shown are from Revision Lists we have not yet accessed, shared by the generosity of individual donors like Stan Golembe (1850) and Neville Lamdan (1851 and 1874) and Gloria Kay (1914).

In the previous edition of this page, our new tool Census Sequencing was described and illustrated here with a table comparing the data gathered in the 1816-1819 Revision period with the material gathered for 1834. But for clarity, we have moved it to its own page which you will find at Census Sequence: A tool for examining the 1816, 1819, and 1834 Revision Lists

 

 

 

 

 



Important Notes about This Page

All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009

Find any name on this page by hitting "control F" on your keyboard and typing in the name.

Find any name anywhere on this website by typing the name immediately before this phrase
site:http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/lyakhovichi/

from the word "site" to the slash after lyakhovichi (just cut and paste it into your browser)



Revision Lists
A Description of Revision List Material on the Lyakhovichi website

1) Imperial Russian Revision Lists This is an entry point for each new article based in the Revision List material.

2) 1874 List of Jewish Males of Lyakhovichi This is a brand new resource, not yet released for publication. Go to this page to learn how to get preview

3) 1858-1884 Supplements to Lyakhovichi Revision Lists Surname Index, Learn how to get preview for this list just acquired by the Lyakhovichi Research Group

4) 1850 Revision List of Jews of Lyakhovichi and 1850Revision List and Supplements Almost 1500 names! Published on this site exclusively and brought live with your support in 2008.

5) 1834 Revision List of Lyakhovichi's Jews More than 1100 Men, Women, and Children in Lyakhovichi in April 1834!

6) 1819 Revision List with maps, images, and name change info from this period

7) 1816 Revision List with new page images, maps, and analysis

Articles and Tables Reviewing Data from the Revision Lists

  • Census Sequence: A tool for examining the 1816, 1819, and 1834 Revision Lists

  • Dead, Missing, Runaway in the 1816 Revision List who seem to have Correspondents in the 1819 Revision Lists

  • Newborn and Missing in 1834 - 1850 Revision Lists

  • Deaths in 1834 - 1850 Revision Lists

  • Birth Years and Ages in 1816 RL

  • Tracing Women in Lyakhovichi Revision Lists 1816 and 1819 and Women in the Lyakhovichi Revision Lists (1834-1850) A New Set of Tools for Studying Women in Lyakhovichi! Complete and Comparative lists of Women appearing as wives and daughters in the Revision Lists of 1816-1834 With an article by Dr. Neville Lamdan tracing an eighteenth-century-born Jewish woman of our town through four censuses

  • 1850 Revision List compared to the 1883-1884 Tax List

  • 1884Tax Register Deputies and Electors in the 1874 Register of Males of Lyakhovichi

  • Taxpayers of 1884 who became legal residents after 1850 and after 1874

  • Comparing the 1784 Lithuanian Poll Tax of Lyakhovichi and the 1816/1819 Revision Lists

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    1874 Revision List




    1850 Revision List (1851 Supplement)

    We again thank Dr. Neville Lamdan for sharing this page which had a separate warranty by the rabbi for an individual reported late for the 1850 Revision List


    1850 Revision List

    See our thanks to Stan Golembe for this contribution (long before we were able to access the entire 1850 Revision List) on our page 19th Century Documents

    The leaders of the Jewish Community signing the Russian Census of 1819 in Polish and Hebrew
    1819 Revision List (Signature Page)




    1816 Revision List



    This last one may not properly be a Revision List at all. It is marked "Family Roll" and "1914" but it looks very similar to the other Revision Lists that we have. The Head of family is Shaya Leibovich Gavza who is 88 in 1914 and he was 49 at the previous Revision List which coincides nicely with the Revision List we know was taken in 1874. If you look at the entire document, it appears that a city official made a legal copy from the official records to give in certification to a soldier who had served between 1914 and the 1917 date of the document. It carries an official seal that is hard to make out on our copy, and it is a pre-printed form filled in by hand. Thank-you Gloria Kay for letting us study your valuable piece of family and Lyakhovichi history!
    The family record of Shaya Leibovich Gavza. His sons are on the left hand side of the page and his wife and daughters are on the right. The English notes of course were not in the original, but we will happily post your finds in any readable condition!