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on the history of the Jewish community
in what is today Lyakhovichi, Belarus    

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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

This site is hosted at no cost by JewishGen, Inc., the Home of Jewish Genealogy. If you have been aided in your research by this site and wish to further our mission of preserving our history for future generations, your JewishGen-erosity is greatly appreciated.


The Geography "key page" of Lyakhovichi Shtetl website


This is the key page for our Geography Section. All articles related to the physical site of Lyakhovichi are described on this page. See the list of links for each article added to our resources in the right-hand column (below the picture of a Lyakhovichi street).

We also seek to publish new articles or reprint relevant materials that were originally offered elsewhere that could inform us about the local infrastructure, flow of traffic on the roads, and rivers, et al. If you have written or come across such an article, please contact the webmaster.

We use these pages to study the resources available on the physical site of Lyakhovichi. What are its streets? Where were its ferries and fords? Some roads are known to be eighteenth century constructions, some were improved in the nineteenth century, some got new names under the Polish government, others celebrated the victories of the Soviet Army in World War II. Why did the Market Street have so many fine masonry buildings? Where could the town fit the 120 businesses that one witness swore filled only a small section of the business area before World War I? Begin your research with a careful analysis of a piece of evidence from the earliest part of the nineteenth century, a map of landowners, discussed in detail by Neville Lamdan. Then look at the maps of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, which allow you to see even very small villages in our area and Lyakhovichi's relationship to the nations of which it was a part. Use this section in conjunction with the Business Directories elsewhere on our pages for an even more unique look at the terrain. We have continued to add geography articles to each page of this section, please look at all of them. We have for instance, recently added a street list and description of some named streets to the page Stagecoaches and the Mail. And at the bottom of the page you are reading, we look at some records created in the building of the Baranovichi railroad. These explorations also lend themselves to the kind of collaborative work at which the JewishGen community excels - for instance, if you share your envelope-clad letters from Lyakhovichi to help us learn about street addresses as used, we are able to use records never part of an official archive to build the community's knowledge.

Early 19th Century Map of Properties in Lyakhovichi and Vicinity
Notes by Neville Lamdan
(located by Henryk Limon, translated by Vitaly Charny,
originally formatted by Gary Palgon
)
copyright, By Neville Lamdan 2001


Dr. Neville Lamdan

 





1. Purpose. The primary purpose of the map is to indicate the ownership of the various towns, villages and properties shown. Owners include princes, barons, "castellans", aldermen, ordinary landlords and Roman Catholic institutions.

2. Location. The map covers a section of the western part of the Minsk Gubernya (set up in 1793), with the small town ('shtetl") of Lechovich (=Lyakhovichi) roughly at its centre, adjacent to various internal administrative borders.

More specifically, it also shows:

    a. a small part of the Grodno Gubernya (1795) immediately to the west of the Minsk Gubernya – marked by the heavy line "zigzagging" from the left-hand side of the map (about 1/3 from bottom) upwards in a north-easterly direction.

    b. that Lechovich is in the Slutsk "Povet" (Polish for the Russian term "Uezd", meaning an administrative district roughly equivalent to a "county" in the UK).

    c. that, just north of the Slutsk Povet, lay the Novogrudok Povet – indicated by the dark line north of Lechovich running in a south-easterly direction.

    d. that the western end of the Slutsk Povet abuts the Pinsk Povet – clearly shown on the left-hand side of the map (towards the bottom corner).

3. Accuracy . Along the east-west axis there seems to have been significant "compression" from the top (north) and bottom (south) of the page, perhaps in an attempt to fit in all the items and also allow space for the legend. Thus, the map is more of a sketch, in which geographical accuracy is secondary.

4. Legend . Refers only to features in the Slutsk Povet (to the south), using letters of the Russian alphabet (both upper and lower cases). Features on the Novogrudok side (to the north) are named and numbered, but ownership is not listed.

5. Scale. No scale is marked on the map. This copy has been copied and scanned so often in differing ways that it is difficult to gauge its original scale. From left to right, the map appears to span an area roughly 50 kms wide.

6. Vintage. The map is undated. The use of Polish administrative terms, rather than later Russian ones, suggests that it was prepared early in the 19 th Century. The Nesvizh SIG have posted a sketch map of the town of Nesvizh, dated 1808, also designed to indicate property ownership. Ours may be of a similar vintage.


Descriptions in Map


From

To

#

Description of land adjusting to the Minsk Gubernia borders

A

B

 

Land of the big village Zhukovy Borok with small village - Prince Dominic Radziwill property (largest landowner in Belarus)

B

C

 

Land of the town Stolptsy with big villages and small village of Prince Adam Chartoryzhsky (friend of the Czar Alexander I, member of the commission that created Jewish legislation)

C

D

 

Land of the town Sverzhen' and Nikolaevshchizna with big villages and small village of Prince Dominic Radziwill

D

E

 

Land of the big village Govezno with country mansion and small village of Nesvizh Roman Catholic Benedict convent

E

F

 

Land of the town Nesvizh with country mansion and small village of Prince Dominic Radziwill

F

G

 

Land of town Nesvizh

G

H

 

Land of the town Nesvizh with small village of the same Prince Dominic Radziwill

H

J

1

Land of the country mansion Malev with country mansion and small village of Trotsk (shtetl near Vilna) voevoda (Governor) Prince Josif Radziwill

J

K

2

Land of the small village Gusaki of Roman Catholic plebania of Kletsk

K

L

3

Land of the small village Kozly through property of kashtelyan Obukhovich and Zubovski

L

M

4

Land of the small village Kozly of kashtelyan Obukhovich

M

N

5

Land of the small village Zhilich of Trotsk voevoda Prince Josif Radziwill

N

O

6

Land of the country mansion Yanov of the landlord Filip Obukhovich

O

P

7

Land of the shtetl Lyakhovichi with country mansion, big villages and small village - property of elderman Kossakovsky widow

P

Q

8

Land of the country mansion Yanov of the same landlord Filip Obukhovich

Q

R

9

Land of the small village Ostreika through property of landlords Obukhovich and Klimashevsky

R

S

10

Land of the small village Ostreika of the same Klimashevsky

S

T

11

Land of the small village Domashov of kashtelyan Obukhovich

< p T>

U

12

Land of the shtetl Lyakhovichi with small village - property of the elderman

U

W

13

Land of the small village Kovali through property of different landlords

W

X

14

Land of the shtetl Lyakhovichi with small village - property of the elderman

X

Y

15

Land of the village Turki of the landlord Kunevich

Y

Z

16

Land of the country mansion Denisovshchizna of the landlord Josif Kobylinsky

Z

a

17

Land of different landlords

a

b

18

Land of the country mansion Denisovshchizna of the landlord Josif Kobylinsky

b

c

19

Land of the mentioned above Lyakhovichi with small village - property of the elderman

c

d

20

Land of the village Gostilovichi - property of Kobylinsky and Bukhovitsky

d

e

21

Land of the country mansion Denisovshchizna with villages of Josif Kobylinsky

e

f

22

Land of the same town Lyakhovichi with small village - property of the elderman

f

g

23

Land of the town Nedvedich with country mansion, big villages and villages of the Anshef-General the baron Benigsen

g

h

24

Land of the country mansion Gorodyshche with villages of the same Bukhovetsky

h

i

25

Land of the town Nedvedich of the Baron Benigsen

 

 

 

 

Other Geographical Resources

We may be able to find these photographs taken of the terrain around the railroad line at Baranovichi. They were exhibited at the 1893 Chicago "World Columbian Fair" in the Russian exhibit. They are described in this catalog published that year in St Petersburg, Russia.
Do you know if any of them were ever published? Do you know from what source the exposition drew them? Any thoughts on other sources for photographs taken in support of road building, architectural evaluation, insurance coverage, et al, upon which we might draw?

       
Click for readable version of catalog description
(on the new page, hover cursor in lower right hand corner for expander icon)

 


Important Notes about This Page

All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009

Find any name on this page by hitting "control F" on your keyboard and typing in the name.

Find any name anywhere on this website by going to the Google search bar and typing the name immediately before this phrase
site:http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/lyakhovichi/

from the word "site" to the slash after lyakhovichi (just cut and paste it into your browser)





Lyakhovichi's Market Square Street (Bazarnayaskaya) in front of the two floor masonry buildings that included Nehama Raisels Inn which belonged to Reb Itze and Nehama Raisel Kogan/Cohen - - The inn was the building with the protruding second floor, teamster-driven cabs are tied up out front


Articles on the Geography Pages:

Geography Key page including:
    Early 19th Century Map of Properties in Lyakhovichi and Vicinity by Neville Lamdan
    English egend on 1805 Map
    Land and Ownership descriptions on 1805 Map
Lyakhovichi in Nowogrodek Palatinate, Wowoide, and Powiat including:
    Governors of Nowogrodek in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and in the Polish-Lithuanian Republic
    Roads of Lyakhovichi and of Novogrodek powiat
    Administrative Capitals (national, gubernia/wowoide/palatinate, district) from the 13th-20th centuries
Stagecoaches and the Mail in "Lyakhovichi including:
    The Conveyances and equipment
    The Drivers
    The Roads
    The Mails
    A Lyakhovichi Street List
Twentieth Century Maps of Lyakhovichi
Earlier Maps of Lyakhovichi
Satellite View moving across Lyakhovichi New!

Descriptive Terms of Map and Legend

Povet

From Polish times, these were administrative divisions that became uyezd in the Russian Empire.

Grid

On the Novogrudok side, landmarks are shown by numbers 10, 11, 12, ... 48 where 25/26 means between 25 and 26. On the Slutsk side, landmarks are shown by letters: J, K, L, ..Z, a, b, ... i where KL means between K and L.

Location

The name for any object on the map

Location Type

The type of object on the map

Commentary

Commentary about the location



Locations on Map

Povet

Grid

#

Location

Location

Type

Slutsk

Novogrudok

S

1

Nesvizh

town

S

JK

10/11

2

Ferbovi[...]

estate

S

JK

10/11

3

Pokhabovshchizna

village

S/N

JK

10/11

4

Ferbovi[…] - Lipovo

road

S

JK

10/11

5

Lipovo

village

S

JK

10/11

6

Mikhalevo

estate

S

JK

10/11

7

Malevo

village

S

JK

10/11

8

Malevo - Nesvizh(?)

road

S/N

JK

11

9

Usha

river

S/N

JK

12

10

Yaskevichi - Lipovo

road

S

JK

12/13

11

Uyaskevici

village

S

JK

12/13

12

Lipovo

village

S

JK

12/13

13

Lipovo

estate

S/N

JK

13

14

nameless

creek

S/N

JK

13/14

15

Gorodnitsa

river

S/N

JK

13/14

16

Slonim - Melevo - Nesvizh(?)

road

N

JK

13/14

17

Trukhany

village

S/N

JK

15

18

(?) - Malevo

road

S

JK

15/16

19

Gusaki

village

S

JK

15/16

20

Olkhovka

estate

S

JK

15/16

21

Zvarki

estate

N

JK

17/18

22

Kalionka

estate

S

JK

17/18

23

Usakovshchizna

estate

S

JK

17/18

24

Usakovshchizna

village

S

KL

18/19

25

Klinki

village

N

KL

18/19

26

Kozly

village

S/N

L

19

27

nameless

creek

N

L

19

28

Maloedy

village

N

L

19

29

Anoshkevichi

village

N

LM

19/20

30

Narutsevichi

village

S

LM

19/20

31

Kalinovichi

village

N

MN

21/22

32

Senkovshchizna

estate

S

MN

21/22

33

Zhilichi

village

N

MN

22

34

Gritskovichi

village

S/N

NO

22/23

35

? - Ordva

road

N

NO

22/23

36

Matsaliovshchizna

village

N

NO

22/23

37

Zhukovshchizna

village

S

NO

22/23

38

Zaritov

village

N

QR

22/23

39

Berezovka

estate

N

QR

22/23

40

Mikhalovshchizna

estate

N

QR

22/23

41

Yanov

estate

S

QR

22/23

42

Ostreiki

village

S

QR

22/23

43

Ostreiki

estate

S

QR

22/23

44

Zherebkovichi

village

S/N

ST

24/25

45

? - Saniovka

road

N

ST

24/25

46

Domashi

village

S

ST

24/25

47

Sheveli

village

S

TU

24/25

48

Old Lyakhovichi

village

N

TU

24/25

49

Sumarokovshchizna

estate

N

TU

24/25

50

Volosovichi

village

N

TU

24/25

51

Trebovichi

village

N

TU

24/25

52

Ved'ma

estate

S

TU

25/26

53

Ved'myanka

river

S

TU

25/26

54

Podlesye

village

N

TU

25/26

55

Romashki

village

N

TU

25/26

56

Lozovichi

village

N

TU

25/26

57

Slonim - Kletsk

road

N

TU

25/26

58

Kornevshchizna

estate

S/N

U

26

59

nameless

creek

N

UW

26/27

60

Dubina

estate

S/N

UW

26/27

61

Ved'myanka

river

N

UW

26/27

62

Prenichki?

village

S/N

UW

26/27

63

Darevo - Lyakhovichi

road

S

UW

26/27

64

Bol'shaya Logva

village

S

UW

27/28

65

Kovali

village

N

UW

27/28

66

Koreni

village

N

W

28

67

Tomashi

village

S

WX

28/29

68

Lyakhovichi

village

S

WX

28/29

69

Yazhevichi

estate

S

WX

28/29

70

Lotva

village

S/N

WX

28/29

71

Darevo - Lyakhovichi

road

N

WX

28/29

72

Sikuny

estate

N

WX

28/29

73

Turki

village

N

WX

28/29

74

Sekuny

village

N

X

29

75

Koniki

village

N

YZ

29/30

76

Gaslovshchizna

estate

S

XYZ

29/30

77

Ved'ma

river

S

Y

29/30

78

Goldovichi

big village

S

Y

29/30

79

Zadvor'ye

village

S

Y

29/30

80

Petukhovshchizna

village

S

YZ

29/30

81

Denisovshchizna

estate

Zd

30/39

82

not on the map

S/N

de

40

83

Ostrov - Lyakhovichi

road

S

ef

40/41

84

Litovka

estate

S

ef

40/41

85

Litovka

village

S/N

ef

42

86

Gorodyshch - Lyakhovichi

road

S/N

ef

42/43

87

Gorodyshch - Olkhovets

road

N

hi

45/46

88

Sherbatov

estate

N

hi

45/46

89

Shcherbovo

village

S

hi

45/46

90

Zelevshchizna ?

estate

N

hi

45/46

91

Lipnitsa

estate

N

hi

45/46

92

Lipnitsa

village

S

hi

47

93

Mikhisha ?

village

N

hi

47/48

94

Kolpachi

village

N

hi

47/48

95

Gorodyshch - Krivoshin

road

S

hi

47/48

96

Krivoshin

mestechko

S/N

hi

47/48

97

Krivoshin - Beresnevichi

road

N

hi

47/48

98

estate

S/N

hi

48

99

? - Shatsk

road