Records of Emigrant Associations of Lyakhovichi
Records of Lechovicher Settlements around the World
This is a page in our Documents section. Click the button labeled "Documents" in the left-hand column to reach all of the other resources of the Document area.
This is the Link Page for all pages of Records of Emigrant Associations and for all pages of Records of Lechovicher Settlements. The Link Box appears just below the tally of surnames indexed from this page in the right hand column of this page.
At each update, the webmaster’s wish list bumps into the realities of trying to get a huge amount of new material added in a short timeframe while making previously posted material more accessible. Last year at our Thanksgiving 2008 update, we added 20 new pages in this section alone. This Chanukah 2009 update concentrates on making all of them more accessible but there was new material added as well.
Emigrant Association Pages
We have been gathering photos of synagogues in Detroit, Philadelphia, Louisville Kentucky, and Sioux City Iowa; burial plot info from new cemeteries, and newspaper finds related to Lyakhovichi. Even the "old material" that we have is being augmented. We have images of newspapers showing Bnai Yitzhak Anshe Lechowitz as a contributor in 1905 to the anti-Pogrom collections, we have images of newspapers describing events at Lechowitzer social organizations. Readers have written in with their memories of some of the people and events described on this page and we will be posting their comments on the page. Most importantly, we have volunteers offering to take photos of cemetery stones that the webmaster will then index to create a database with all of the names as written in their original languages and English. We have volunteers offering to sit in NYC archives and search for the specific death certificates for Lyakhovichi people who we have listed chronologically by their date of death from 1893-1933. If you would like to help, we just need your family ephemera and photographs, and your willingness to donate your time at your computer or in cemeteries or in archives. Then come back and see what additional material the efforts of caring people will add to the next update!
NEW NOVEMBER 2009 We have extracted the lists of Khevra Kadisha leaders of the late 1910s-early 1920s from the Gate Pillars at Mt Judah Cemetery. Please go to CemeteryStones, Page 7 to see this list of leaders of the Lechovicher community in NYC probably close to the time of the first burials in this set of plots which began in 1915. The gates may not have gone in with the first burials but they were certainly there by the early 1920s. We also have the list of the Congregation's leaders that were posted on the gates of Beth David Cemetery's Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz plot in the 1950s. Please to to CemeteryStones, page 10 We have not yet managed to improve the legibility of the gates at Washington Cemetery which date from the 1890s, but the images are on our page CemeterySones, page 4 .
We now have almost two thousand photographs of Lechovicher cemetery stones in New York City alone! We have added photos of Lechovichers in other landsmanschaften plots and in cemeteries around the world. Please go to page Cemetery Stones, page 1 to see the first page of this growing database which, so far, is on twenty-five separate pages divided by cemetery. Among those pages you will also find the cemetery registers previously posted on this page - that is the list of burials in the group plots, maintained in the relevant cemetery offices. We hope to add registers from additional cemeteries, pages of memorial plaques, and other relevant materials on those born in Lyakhovichi in future updates.
Begin your exploration of other US Lechovicher associations on this page
More Emigrant Congregations and Associations related to Lyakhovichi to see where we are and help us grow. It includes first looks at a synagogue in rural Sullivan County New York, a former synagogue in Detroit, and Congregation Shaarey Zedek of Windsor Canada. It also shares new information on New York City organization Arbeiter Ring Branch 260 - the Lechovicher, Baranovicher, Mir group whose 1923 Anniversary Dinner in NYC photo may include your grandparents!
It had seemed likely that one extra page on New York landsmanschaften would be sufficient for the update in November 2008, but in September 2008, I made a remarkable discovery. Two NYC Lechovicher organizations looked at the repeated calls for assistance arriving in the mail after World War I and decided that something had to be done. Many of the people writing for help from their relatives in America were telling the Americans that letters sent with money had never arrived or missing those funds. And the folks at home were desperate. They were starving, they couldn't afford winter fuel, their houses were barely standing after five years of being on the front lines. In April 1920, the organizations sent an emissary to personally appraise the situation, to personally deliver funds, and to gather the details that would allow the families in the US to best assure the well-being of those who remained in Lyakhovichi. So go to this brand new page to see the moving letters that the Relief Organizations Representative attached to his passport application, the records of the mission that we have so far, and to see how you can assist us in finding other material from this period. Lechovicher Relief Associations after WWI
We have moved our Israeli materials including those of the "Association of Former residents of Lachowicze" and joined them to new information available on Lechovicher settlement in South America at Records of Emigrant Associations of Lyakhovichi around the World
And we continue to seek identification of the hundreds of people from our community who attended a dinner in New York City in 1923 and whose individual and table photographs can be seen at Workman's Circle - Lechovicher, Baranovicher Branch 260.
Chanukah 2009's update emphasizes accessibility and clarity and so the records for the Ladies Auxiliary of the Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz move to their own page where we can continue to place new information related to that group at Records of Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz's Ladies Auxiliary.
Lechovicher Settlement Pages
Lyakhovichi's Jews settled in nearby Russian towns (Baranovichi, Kletsk, and Nesvizh, for example). They formed little communities of landsleit in bigger Czarist communities and cities like Minsk, Slutsk, Bialystok, Grodno, and Vilna. They moved on and settled in New York City's Lower East Side, Buenos Aire's Parque Chas, and in rural "Litvak" communities around South Africa. They probably didn't live in separate "neighborhoods" but we will likely find that townsmen directed other townsmen to the apartments and hostels close to where other members of the home-community already lived. We will add pages on these different settlements as new material is uncovered and we need your help to document the places your family lived. Our pages so far include details on:
Lechovichers in Baranovichi, Nesvizh, and Kletsk ,
Lechovichers on the Lower East Side of Manhattan NYC. You will also see coming soon
Lechovichers in Slutsk and Minsk; Lechovichers in Slonim, and Pinsk; Lechovichers in Brest-Litovsk, Grodno, Vilna, and Bialystok; and Lechovichers in St Petersburg, and Moscow.
Bne Izchok Anshe Lechowitz in 1900 American Jewish Yearbook
at 93 Hester St, on Manhattan's Lower East Side
Officers - President Samuel Levy; Vice-President M. Cohen; Treasurer W. Levy; Secretary Z. Willigrad [almost certainly a typo for Zimel Winnegrad] who lived at 55 Eldridge. Trustees were Samuel Grinstein and Morris Weinger.
The 1907-1908 American Jewish Yearbook listed two synagogues in New York with the place name Lechowitz in their names: B’nai Yitzhok Anshe Lechowitz and Beth Aaron Chasidim d’Lechowitz.
B'nai Yitzhok Anshe Lechowitz is the congregation whose burial plots and Ladies Auxiliary are discussed elsewhere on this page. The yearbook says that it was at 93 Hester Street, that it was founded in 1892, and that it had eighty members in 1907. It had an organizational structure and three officers listed: W. LEVY, President, residing at 49 Forsyth; A BERGER, Treasurer, residing at 95 Madison; Y. ZIRINSKY, Secretary, no residence given. There is no info given for Beth Aaron Chasidim d'Lechowitz other than its address at 185 Division Street.
The 1919-1920 American Jewish Yearbook listed B'nai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz with the same address as above but the Americanized spelling of Isaac. It says it has 110 members and the officers are President Barnett BRODY and Secretary Morris ZABALOTSKY. The only Bnai Aaron is a Koidanover shul at 141 Madison which was organized in 1907, so is not an obvious successor to Bnai Aaron d'Lechowitz but it still might be, as one of the Hasidic groups in Lyakhovichi was the Koidanovers. A Chevra for the Koidanovers at 141 Madison was also listed. In 1919, a synagogue that would hire a Lechovitzer Rabbi in just a few years, Abram CHINICZ, is listed as Beth HaKnesseth Ahavath Zion at 66 Pike Street which was organized in 1891 and in the yearbook's statistics is listed with 120 members. It lists that services were in Yiddish (rather than Hebrew and Yiddish). More information can be provided about this shul when its further Lyakhovichi associations are established.
Congregation Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz joining in 1905 effort to relieve suffering from Russian pogroms
the link will take you to a pdf of the full article
WPA Survey of Congregation Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz of NYC, Feb 1939
click image to enlarge and on larger page, hold cursor in lower right corner to engage Internet Explorer expander icon
Interviews with Fishel Surowitz and J. Suchow provided the details for this report. Unlike the congregation's origin date cited in the American Jewish Yearbooks, this document reported a three-year earlier date and backed it up with the exact address and conditions of the establishment used at that start date - 1889 on Bayard Street. We learn that Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz, like the majority of others in their neighborhood, rented space rather than owned for much of its existence. Records still in existence at the time of the 1939 report included: Protocol Book (1891-1897) and it was kept in the synagogue; Membership Ledgers 1921-1928 were in the synagogue; Financial Ledgers from 1921 through the date of the report (1939) were held personally by the financial secretary. A few more records are itemized but it states specifically that "all other records were lost." In 1939 there were still 125 members of the congregation.
Important Notes about This Page
All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009
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Emigrant Association Pages
on Lyakhovichi Website
Records of Lyakhovichi Emigrant Groups YOU ARE ON THIS PAGE
More US Lechovicher Emigrant Groups
Baranowitcher-Lechwitsher, Branch # 260
Lechovicher Groups around the World
Lechovicher Relief Associations after WWI
Records of Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz's Ladies Auxiliary
Lechovicher Cemetery Stones, 1 of 20+
Membership Organizations with strong Lechovicher Participation
Jewish Colonial Trust Bondholders in Lyakhovichi and Baranovichi
Jewish Colonial Trust Bondholders with Lyakhovichi Ties,p2
Lechovicher Settlement Pages
on Lyakhovichi Website
Lechovichers in Baranovichi, Nesvizh, and Kletsk
Lechovichers on the Lower East Side of Manhattan NYC
Lechovichers in Slonim, and Pinsk
Lechovichers in Slutsk and Minsk
Lechovichers in Brest-Litovsk, Grodno, Vilna, and Bialystok
Lechovichers in St Petersburg and Moscow
Articles on This Page
• Ladies Aux. of Bnai Isaac Anshe Lechovitz
• Memorializers of Holocaust in Lyakhovichi
• NYC Lechovichers 1900, 1907, 1919
• Lechovicher assoc. in NYC Incorporations
• Lechovicher assoc. in English language Newspapers
Der Forwert,NYC, Apr 21 1963
listing those building memorials to their fallen communities in Poland, including "Lachowicze". Click on title to go to larger page. Hover cursor in lower right hand corner to bring up the internet explorer expansion icon to make the page readable. Hit back on your browser to return to this page. See the list in English immediately below
A List of those Who Have Committed to Memorialize Holocaust Victims from Lachowicze
(The start of the subscription list for the Beth David Holocaust Memorial for Lyakhovichi, printed April 21, 1963 in the American, Yiddish-language newspaper, Forwert )
|| First Name|
We have recently found an 1892 photo of the synagogue building of Bnai Yitzhak Anshe Lechowitz and we are seeking out authorization from its current holders to use it! We have also found that in the earliest days of Lechowitzer Jews in New York City, individuals prayed at the Slonimer Shul for the two years it preceeded Bnai Yitzhak Anshe Lechowitz. Here is its' image. Some sources date the Slonimers to 1849, but that is the building's age, not the congregation's which bought the impressive looking structure, already standing in 1880.
Anshe Chesed Slonim
The congregation moved into the 1849 building in the lower East Side of NYC in 1880. Jews from Lyakhovichi prayed here at least until the 1882 construction of Bnai Yitzhak Anshe Lechowitz in 1882. Some, no doubt, stayed after the new synagogue was constructed. If you have information about your Lyakhovichi family in other NYC synagogues or in any other city, please let us know!
All of the Cemetery Registers on our pages previously published on Jewishgen.org,
have been donated to JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry. They are
collected here as a service to Lyakhovichi researchers and because we continue to find new ways to use long-held materials. We continue to seek
Membership, Organizational, Newspaper, and Burial records of Lyakhovichi groups
in the United States, Israel, South America, and South Africa!
Manhattan's New York County Incorporations for Non-Profits 1848-1920. These were microfilmed and indexed by the American Jewish Historical Society in the 1960s. They include three incorporations of immediate interest to us and we hope to have the images of these documents for a future update. IF YOU HAVE COPIES OF ANY OF THEM, PLEASE CONTACT THE WEBMASTER.
Chebra Bnei Mordchim Chasidim deLechowitz, incorporated in 1894, document number #93, microfilm reel XV
House of Aaron of Religious Jews of the City of Lechowitz, 1904, document number #1143, Microfilm Reel XXV
House of Aaron of Religious Jews of the City of Lechewitch, 1915, document number #4392, Microfilm Reel XXXVIII
There is no registration in the online index for B'nai Isaac Anshe Lechowitz formed in 1892, a search will be undertaken.
The Moosher and Branovicher Aid and Benevolent Society, incorporated in 1905, document number#1994, Microfilm Reel XXVI
Moosher and Baranovicher Aid and Benevolent Society, incorporated in 1917, document number #2671, Microfilm Reel XLI
Independent Musher and Baranowitcher Ladies Benevolent Association, incorporated in 1916, document number #6532, Microfilm Reel XXXX
Have you ever seen a framed charter for any of these in a building, in an office, in someone's basement?
We have now located a photograph of the early B’nai Yitzhok Anshe Lechowitz synagogue building taken in 1892 and hope to post it here shortly!