Postcards from Lida

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The Jewish Cemetery in Lida.  [copyright Tomy Wisniewski, reproduced by permission]

Funeral of a respected Jew.  The procession is passing through the Market Place.
The Synagogue in Lida
The Synagogue in Lida as seen from School St.
A color version of the view above.
A wide angle view of the Synagogue from School St. [Szkolnaya]
Garden St. with the Synagogue in the distance.

The Synagogue yet again, with a passer-by.

Rabbi Reines, founder of the Lida Yeshiva & Mizrachi
Lida Market and Synagogue, not on Market Day. 
Lida Market, on Market Day.
Lida Market packed with horses
The Market in Lida on Market Day [copyright Tomy Wisniewski, reproduced by permission]
Market Day in Lida.

Lida Market

The Market yet again

The caption says, "A scene from the weekly market in Lida, Russia"

The market in Lida, yet again
Yet again, the market 
Still the market
More market
More market
More market
The train station in Lida.
The entry to the railway station in Lida  

The Lida train station from the other side
A railroad bridge in the Lida area.

Lida Castle.

Another view of the castle, showing how close it was to Lida's streets.

Lida Castle.

Lida Castle again.  

Still Lida Castle
The meat market in Lida

A meat shop in Lida

Grodno St.

Kamenska St.

Krumme (Crooked) St.

Police Street
Sedova St. and the Yeshiva.  A monochrome version of this card is on p. 138 of Sepher Lida. [copyright Tomy Wisniewski, reproduced by permission]

Suwalska St.

Another view of Suwalska St.
Vilenska St.  [Vilnius St.]
Wilenskaya St. [Vilnius St.]
Vilnius St. again

Another view of Vilnius St.

And another view of Vilnius St.

Another view of that popular subject, Vilnius St.

Vilnius St. once more.

And yet once more, Vilnius St.

A barber shop in Lida, on Vilnius St.

A smithy in Lida, at the edge of town, on Vilnius St.
Wall St. & residents
Another view of Wall Street

The caption says "Zamkov Street and Ruins" -- which would be the castle again
A Jewish meat market.

The Pupko Brewery in Lida.  Painted in 1916 by the artist Joger.  Image donated by Leon Lauresh

 Karol Chodkiewicz Memorial Gymnasium  [A gymnasium is a school one enters at age 11, after passing an entrance exam.  The subjects are all academically oriented].  Between the two world wars, a common Lida experience was to speak Russian at home, because one's parents were comfortable with what had been the official language before WWI & to use  the current official language, Polish, at school].

Ms. Tsipkinski's school for girls in Lida during WWI.  It had 45 students. Image donated by Leon Lauresh.

A farm in Lida

Another farm on the edge of town

The picturesque post office in Lida

A street in Lida.

Lida and the Lida River

The Dziekanski  River in Lida.

A water- powered mill in Lida.

Destroyed water towers in Lida; probably as part of World War I

Another casualty of World War I: the caption says this is the remains of a balloon destroyed near Lida.
The caption on the card says:  Jewish water carriers in the streets of Lida.  These people supply individual houses with water in the absence of water lines, charging small fees.
Jewish traders in Lida's Market Place.
The caption says:  Jewish peddlers in front of a booth.
In this version of the card, the caption says that the woman in the center is holding a pot full of burning coke to keep warm. 

The caption says "In occupied Lida - a Jewish soup kitchen".  "Volkskueche", literally "People's Kitchen" refers to a specific type of soup kitchen.  Not wholly a charity, it was run by a non-profit group & the customers were charged only the cost of the supplies, which were bought in bulk.  Most of the employees were volunteers, but there was a hired chief cook/manager.  The intent was to serve the working poor more nutritious food than they might be able to afford for themselves.

Another view of the Volkskueche.

The Volkskueche again
The caption reads:  German soldiers distribute hot soup to the poor of Lida.

The barracks in Lida.  In the 1880s, one of my grand-uncles from Vilnius was stationed in Lida for his army service & may therefore have been quite familiar with these barracks.
Students outside Lida's public school.
World War I in Lida:  Soldier's Mess Hall.  [Obviously one of the more elegant buildings in Lida was confiscated for this purpose].
The caption says, "In front of a tea house in Lida, Russia. The girls wait on the guests. In Lida city there are innumerable such tea houses, in which one obtains tea and coffee".
The Kaiser in Lida[!] This card was sent in 1917.  From May 18, 1916 to June 3, the Kaiser was on a trip that took him from Hamburg, Germany, through Berlin, to Kouzno, Mitau (Yelgava, Latvia), Wilna (Vilnius, Lithuania), Lida, Sloum, Grodno (Hrodna, Belarus), Kadinen (Kadyny, Poland; then Ostrpreussen; the Kaisers had a large palace there), Marienburg (Malbork, Poland), and Wildpark.  Thanks to Dr. Althoff,  Geheimes Staatsarchiv  Preussischer Kulturbesitz.  BPH (Brandenburg-Preußisches Hausarchiv) Rep. 113 Hofmarschallamt Nr. 1114 und 1115 ,  Best. BPH Rep. 113 Hofmarschallamt Nr. 1107.

The next few images are of German soldiers in Lida or marching into Lida in World War I.  Nearly all the postcards date from this era.

The caption says these are Polish traders from the country at the Lida Market

The caption says "the other side of the river".  This section of  Lida was called "Zarechye", which means just that....

Thanks to Marvin Brooks for some of the postcard images

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