Editor: Bill told me that the information below came from two lists of Jewish contributors to the Meir Baal Haness charity. In effect these lists contain all the Jewish families in the shtetl. The original lists were also given to Yad Vashem and are archived in their section of rare original documents. The owner and donator of the documents is William (Wolf) Fessel, a native of Kolaczyce who lived in Krosno.
Kolaczyce or Kolashitz in Yiddish is a small township south of Jaslo and west of Krosno, at latitude 4949 longitude 2126; from the late 1700's until 1919 this area was in Galicia, a province of Austria-Hungary; it is now part of southern Poland.
The place is already mentioned in the 14th century as belonging to the church. Its development followed the patterns of other small places in the area. The first Jews settled in the township at the beginning of the 19th century. They operated the inns and the drinking places. Slowly the Jewish community grew in numbers. Services were held and a mikvah was built. At first, the community was under the jurisdiction of the kehilla of Jaslo but later it gained its independence. In 1890, the kehilla engaged the first Rabbi, Rabbi Yaakow Frenkel-Teumim, then Rabbi Sinai Halbershtam who later left for Zmigrod and finally Hana Halbershtam who became known as the Kolashitzer Rabbi . One of the leaders of the kehilla was Awraham Berl.
The Jewish community suffered many anti-Jewish outbursts notably in 1892 when the riots lasted two days and resulted in great loss of property and possessions. The township had a traditional anti-Jewish outlook and the mayors did everything in their power to antagonize the Jews, whether they restricted their bathing facilities or the slaughtering of animals. In 1936, all kosher Jewish butcher stores were closed. The Jewish population was very pious and hassidic. The few Zionist sympathizers were considered "goyim" or non-Jews. The Germans organized a Judenrat that managed the life of the Jews. The Judenrat assisted the poor people. The entire community of about 260 people were led to the forest of Podzamcie near the village of Krajowice on August 12, 1942 and shot by the Germans and their helpers.
This table was compiled by William Leibner, based upon information in the papers, primarily from William Passal (His original name in Krosno was Wolf Fessel. William survived the war as a non-Jew and then went to England and later moved to Israel):
|LAST NAME||FIRST NAME||BORN||TRADE||FATHER||MOTHER||SEX||SPOUSESOURCE||DISPOSITION|
|FESSEL||Felicia nee BERIL||Kolaczyce||Awraham||Lena||F||Itzhak||F.P||Surv|
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