( Barditchev, Berdyczów, Berdicev, Berditchev, Berditchov, Berditschew,
Berdytschiw, Berdyciv, באַרדיטשעװ

~ In loving memory of my father David Spunberg ~
b. 31 October 1901 - d. 20 June 1982


Berdychiv, at the 2nd half of the XIXth century and the first decades of the XXth century represented one of the most important Jewish communities in Eastern Europe. Nowadays in Ukraine, with the effort of the Chabad is recuperating the historical roots.

For more details visit:

93.1 miles WSW of Kyyiv     
Coordinates:   49°54' N, 28°35' E

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Finally, after several claims, I decided to include my biography in the site you are visiting, pages which I am constantly improving since 1997, when I began to build the site.

My name is Jorge Spunberg, I was born on September 22nd, 1942 in Buenos Aires (Argentine). I have European roots, my father David Spunberg (1901-1982) was born in Berdichev, at those times in the Russian Empire, nowadays in Ukraine; my mother Malka Biderman (1910-2001), was born in Kielce (Poland).

Jorge (one year old)
My mother
My father

Fortunately, they emigrated to Argentine many years before WWII, my father arrived at Buenos Aires in 1923, where some relatives lived since the end of the XIXth century, one year later arrived my grandparents with my uncle. My father began to study the Spanish language and with huge dedication in 1925 inscribed at the University (faculty of Medicine), concluding his studies and obtaining his degree as a physician in 1931. My mother arrived at Buenos Aires in 1911, being still a small baby, with her parents and some brothers; she completed the school and the gymnasium, but as was usual at those times, although she wanted to continue her studies at the University, her widowed mother preferred for her a “good husband” than a “diploma”.

The arranged “good husband” delayed to appear. Finally he came up, and at the end of 1938, after ten months of relationship the wedding was formalized. I have an older sister, Lidia Spunberg born in 1939, dentist, married to Julio Bastanski, they have an only daughter called Alicia, all of them living in Argentine.

But still, I slightly spoke about me. Therefore, according to my family I appeared in the world red and hairless, with 4,1 Kg after an exhaustive fight through a normal parturition.

My parents with my sister and me
Jorge (12 years old)
Jorge (18 (years old)

We lived in a Jewish district in Buenos Aires, called “Eleven” (Once) , in a big apartment of an old building, where my father had his cabinet, and my paternal grandparents had their own rooms.

My childhood passed quietly, my father was quite severe and exigent, my mother, instead, was kind and affectionate. I began to study when I was 6 years old in an official school called “Domingo F. Sarmiento”, afterwards I was moved to another school called “Juan M. de Pueyrredon”, where I concluded my primary studies. The secondary studies I completed in another school called “Bartolome Mitre”. I have been a good student during the entire career, including the superior studies. In 1960 I began my studies at the University (Faculty of Engineering), choosing the Electromechanical field. I obtained my degree in 1967, in the middle of the career I lost one year serving the army.

When I was eigh years old, my father began to teach me the Russian language. Along a large period, up to I was sixteen, we used to read together the classical Russian literature including: Pushkin, Tolstoy, Turguenyev, Tchekhov, Krylov, Lermontov, Gorki, etc., etc. I am very grateful now for this knowledge, which proved to be extremely useful to me along my life, helping me to have the opportunity of researching my roots and discovering unknown relatives around the world. When I was nine years old I began to study the English language, at the beginning with a professor at home, an Irish patient of my father; afterwards, in an English Institute.  At school I also learnt Latin and French, but as I didn’t practice these languages I forgot almost everything.

My social life was quite limited, restricted to familiar events and few friends. My father tried to avoid risks for his family, overprotecting us and controling rigorously all our activities. Fortunately, when I was 16 years old, I became member of a Jewish club, this step helped me to open my mind and some years after, became the leader of my group, initially as an amateur, afterwards, engaged as a  remunerated professional, coordinating the Youth Department. This one was my first official job, although, since I was sixteen years I had some pupils at home, teaching mathematics, physics and chemistry. These earnings helped me along my youth, to reinforce the slender help I received from my father.

I loved reading books and magazines, used going to the movies and was fond of sports, specially soccer (the favorite game in Argentine and Brazil) and swimming.

Once I obtained my diploma, I got a job in my professional area in the Argentine Railways, coordinating the Department of Tariffs. One year afterwards (1969), I moved to the Philips Group in Buenos Aires, where I worked along two years, up to my transference in February/1973 to Philips of Brazil. As the proverb says: “nobody is a prophet in his own territory”. After my change of residence to Brazil, I worked in the Philips organization along two years and since 1975, I began to work independently for myself.

From 1975 up to 1992 I had an industry which manufactured all the line of machines to produce and split polyurethane foams. As this market saturated, in 1992, I  began to manufacture semi-industrial machines which produce disposable diapers and feminine towels. In 2006, I opened a complementary new “front”, and began to import from China, Japan, and South Korea computerized embroidery machines and laser machines, as well as, spare parts and accessories for these equipments.

My daughter Mariana
My daughter Carolina
My son Igor

In 1968, still in Buenos Aires, I married (for the first time) a Jewish Argentine lady called Silvia Kleiman, nine months later, in Setember/1969, my first daughter Mariana (nowadays settled in Toronto/Canada) was born. We had a second daughter Carolina ten years later, born in September/1979 (nowadays settled in Haifa/Israel). In 1984 I divorced and went to live alone. I have also a son named Igor, born in July/1985, living in Sao Paulo/Brazil.

Diana and me

Finally, I found “my second dear half”, On April/1992, returning from Buenos Aires, I met in the airport Diana Sztraicher, and since that time we are together. Diana, created the name of this site, “The Berdichev Revival”, and permanently stimulated me to keep on developing this endless work.

With 66 years on my back, I am very grateful to my destiny. Of course, frustrations and disappointments are mixed with moments of joy and happiness, but this is the rule of life. Along these two last decades, a deep revolution forced most of us to change old habits. The fantastical technological advances in all the areas, run faster than the ability to adapt ourselves to the modern times. This impressive “avalanche”, sometimes arise nostalgic feelings of old times, anyway, our conscience or our grandsons quickly bring us back to the real world.

I couldn’t finish this resume, without remarking and reverencing my young beloved teacher, Monica Gomes, who step by step, patiently oriented my efforts in the development of each page of the site, improving and suggesting new ideas and correcting my mistakes.   



Time flies with incredible velocity, now I am 71 years old, still in full activity, with constant challenges and permanent  disposition to overcome the daily difficulties. Meanwhile, my physician discovered through the exams that I am suffering diabetes (type 1), consequently, pills, insulin and trecking were incorporated in my routine.

The good news are my grandchildren, in São Paulo, Rafael (7 years) and Sofia (5 years) from Shirly (a “lending without return” of Diana’s daughter);  and far, unfortunately far away, Anis (4 years) and Mila (1 year) from my daughter Carolina living in Yokneam (Israel).

Rafael and Sofía Anis and Mila

Grandchildren, undoubtedly, enlighten and rejoice our lives, arousing an atmosphere of well being and happiness.

June 2014







"The Berdichever Rabbi"

Bicentenary of the death of Rabbi Levi Yitzhak
Berdichev Hosts Record Turnout of Jewish Pilgrims


• Short Biography
• More biographical references
• Rabbi's Genealogical Tree
The Baal Shem Tov
• Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov
• Happy Birthday BaalShem Tov
• The truth about the Baal Shem Tov
• Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke Halevi of Nikolsburg
• Rabbi Dov Ber-The Maggid of Mezritch
The Passing of the Maggid
• Rabbi Lieber Hagadol
• Commentaries about the Rabbi-a
• Early Chassidic Leader
• Printed Works of the Chassidic Movement
• Books
• Book (Kedushat Levi)
In Search of Rabbi Levi Yitzhak
• The Rav of Berdichev (Love Poem)
• Righteous People
• Book(in Hebrew)
• Rare Book (Kedushat Levi)
• The Ever Present Presence
• Music Sheets of the Rabbi 
• The Hassidic Approach to Joy
• Yiddish Anthology 
• The World of a Hassidic Master
• Some Torah Insights from the “Kedushat Levi”

• Rabbi Answer
• Rabbi Abraham David
• The Existence of God
• Slipping from the Rungs of the Ladder in the Desert

• Sinai: Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Non-Jewish New Year
A Noble Purpose
Only you
The Eternal Light Series
The Benefit of the Doubt
The Highest Form of Worship
Vayera: The evolution of Leadership
Stories of R' Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev
  (Audio   Shiur)
Spiritual and Ethical Issues in the Badmidbar  Stories
• Passover Haggadah

Parashat Naso
On This day, G-d Will Forgive
Stories of The Dubno Maggid
Kedushat Levi - New Translation

Rabbi Levi Yitzhak's Biography-1
Rabbi Levi Yitzhak's Biography-2
An Advocate for the Jews of Berdichev
Sefer Avodas Levi - Page 98
Ohev V'ahuv

Chanukah and R. Levi Yitzhak of Berdichev
When You Are Unable to Blow the Shofar
Rebbe Levi Yitzhak's "Gott fun Avraham"
Some Thoughts on Pessach Cleaning
Chassidic Siddur Printed in Berdichev
• Shofar, Angels and Passover

Keter Torah - Rabbi Meir of Berdichev
Gott Fun Avraham
Passover Has Three Names
The Soul and Body of a Tzadik

Parsha Voyera
The Tisch: Counsel for the Defense

Teshuva Before the High Holidays
Caught in the Act
Parashat Bamidbar

A Theft in Heaven
• Divine Light and Human Hands
Easy Does It

Parashat T'rumah
The Shofar at. Mt. Sinai
The Man Who the Angels Were Envious of
A Murder in New York
Preserving Joy
Levush Malkhut
The Nes of Purim

• Teyku
Levi Yitzhak of Berdichev (by Louis Jacobs)
• What is the name of the Shabbat before Tisha    B'Av?
• God on trial
• Kol Nidrei-5766
• Remembering Berdichev - Yom Kipur 5758
• The History of the Kaddish
• The Rabbinic Response to September11, 2001
• Our Great Influence
• Parashat Va-yeishev
• Parashat Aharey Mot
• Anticipating the Redemption
• Rabbi Ciner's weekly Parshas Va-yeshev
• Ki Tavo (Spiritual Passion)
• Chassidism -1 "Chassidism and its opponents"    (Part 1- to 1939)
• Chassidism -2 "Chassidism and its opponents"
   (Part 1- Post-war)
• Interesting Quotes from Kabbalah Sources
• Rabbi Chaim Dovid Green's Parsha "Emor"
• Mystical Creation (in "pdf", requires the ADOBE    ACROBAT READER, if you want to install the programme    go to
• Nothing & Being
(in "pdf", requires the ADOBE     ACROBAT READER, if you want to install the programme    go to
• A View of the Absurd (Why was this night of    massacre different?) (in "pdf", requires the ADOBE    ACROBAT READER, if you want to install the programme    go to

Divine Limitation & Human Responsibility
Choice and Change
The Judges of Your Generation
Grace and Effort on the Spiritual Path
The Delayed Delivery
Good Eyes
Bakasha LeMotze Shabbat
Kedushat Levi (Details)
Treasuring the Mitzvah
• Moshe Zvi of Savran
Why Do Jews Keep Kosher
Nachman of Breslov
New Edition of the Kedushat Levi

• There Is a Time and Place for Everything
The Good Eye
It Once Happened in Berdichev

When You Serve God
Why Are We So Childish When It Comes Yom Kipur?

Neilah - Yom Kippur 5770
Sefer Toldos Hayehidim
My "Berdichever Moments"

A Sign for You
The Shofar at Mt. Sinai

The Berdichever Rabbi
A Wordless Prayer at the Kotel
A Jewish Ukrainian Journey

In the Merit of Levi Yitzhak
Parshat Chukat
Dipping at the Barditchever Now Easier
Sefer Ba'al Ha-Nefesh
Sefer Ha-Zechirot

Where I Wander-You!
The Talmud and Rosh Hashana
G-d in the Present Tense
There Is a God in the World
The God I Don't Believe in 1st Day Rosh Hashana 5771

Medals Reminding the Rabbi
Chassidic Siddur
Rabbi Levi Yitzhak of Berditchev’s Simple Pessah Lesson
Making Room for Prayer in Our Synagogue
Can Human Hold God Accountable for Tragedy
Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev: His Spiritual Heritage
Uri Adler - Atah
Segulah (Rabbi Levi Yitzhak)
The Shofar at Mount Sinai
Rav Lieber Hagadol Z''L
Rabbi Levi Yitzhak's Gravesite
Jewish Ethnography and Folklore
A merciful God
Siddur Tefillah Yesharah









Videos of Berdichev

Courtesy: Grigory (Grysha,) my Berdichever guide

For the following videos, in case you have a blocking "pop-up" resource, disable it
before clicking the video

- Railway Station and Memorial of WWII
- Industry "Progress" and other Memorials
- Hotel "Druzhba"
- Pedagogical Institute in Berdichev
- Chapel where Balzac married Mme. Hanska and old buildings
- A visit to the Jewish cemetery
- The Market
- The Synagogue, Rabbi Shlomo Breuer, the building of the Old Synagogue and Memorial of the Holocaust
- The Faculty of Medicine and other classical buildings
- Beer produced in Berdichev
- The River Gnylopyat, The Carmelite Monastery, and The Fortress
- Memorial of the Holocaust during WWII
- Aerial view of Berdichev

- Berdichev-1
- Berdichev-2
- Berdichev-3

- Berdichev-4
- Berdichev-5
- Berdichev-6
- Berdichev-7
- Berdichev-8

- Old Berdichev

Other videos

For the following videos, in case you have a blocking "pop-up" resource, disable it
before clicking the video

- Soviet Genocide in Ukraine
- Rabbi Levi Yitzhak
- Reminding Genocide in Berdichev
This is the Trailer of the upcoming documentary & exhibition created by the Berlin artist Thomas Wernicke in co- operation with the German composer/musician Michael "Roosty" Schmerschneider & the Ukraine interpreter Elisaveta Belayevskaya. The film & exhibition shows the crime of the german death squads in the ukraine by the example of the city   Berditschew. All Protagonist are directly survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust. The un- commercial Film & exhibition starting the worldwide tour in the second half of 2008

- Holocaust in Berdichev (Courtesy Berditschew – Dokumentation de Marie Finkl)
- Nazi hidden archives in Arolsen (part I)
- Nazi hidden archives in Arolsen (part II)
- Shabat in Odessa
- Holocaust victims commemoration
Rabbi Israel Meir Lau, Chairman of the Yad Vashem Council, speaks about the importance of commemorating the Jews who perished during the Holocaust. Rav Lau, himself a child survivor of Buchenwald, powerfully calls upon Jews across the world, to join efforts to recover the names of each individual Shoah victim by filling out Pages of Testimony in their memory and submitting them to Yad Vashem. Search for information or submit names of people you know of who perished during the Shoah on Yad Vashem's Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names.

- Reminding Holocaust
- Hitler's Children
- Unhypocrisy

- The Nickleshburg Rabbi visits Berdichev

The Nikleshburg Rebbe recently visited the city of Berdichev where he led a Tish at the local Chabad shul, with Rebbe Moshe Thaler.

- Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau
- 6,000,000: Story of an Auschwitz Survivor
- Nazi Concentration Camps

- Bernhard Frank
- Surviving Stalin's Gulag
- An Extraordinary Story
- The First Jewish Broadcast on Nazi Soil - 1944
- The Grandfather she Never Knew
- Man's Last Letter to his Family

Desperate Note
Otto Simmonds, a German-born Jewish physician who lived with his family in France, dashed off this desperate note to his wife and daughter from inside a railcar bound for Auschwitz in August 1942. “Fifty of us in one car!!” he wrote, his last words to his family. “Be brave and courageous. I’ll be the same.” A railway worker discovered the letter in a tattered envelope on a train track and, intent that it reach the Simmonds family, added his own heartfelt message, placed it in a new envelope, and mailed it to Otto’s wife.
My dears, On the way to Poland!!! Nothing helped. Tried everything. Allegedly it’s going to Metz. Fifty of us in one car!! Be brave and courageous. I’ll be the same. Stripped of everything in Drancy. Kisses, Otto
Dear Madam, Having found this letter on the rails after one of the Jews who passed through and seeing that the envelope was in a sad state, I allowed myself to make a new one and hope that this letter will reach you. With my apologies, Madam, I hope that you will be pleased and happy nonetheless. A Railway Worker
- A Search for Identity
The Trotskys, the Bronsteins and the Kievskys:
A Search for Identity in Russian-Jewish History

Speaker: Boris Kievsky

Growing up being called a Jew by Russians, a Russian by Americans and not quite fitting in with any of them, Ukrainian-born actor/filmmaker, Boris Kievsky, grew up with a confused sense of identity. Five years ago, in a desire to better understand who he was, Boris began to ask questions about his family history. What he discovered led him on a journey that took him back to the former Soviet Union and to the history of the Jewish participation in creating the Soviet Union, in which his grandfather played a role. Starting with the old saying “it’s the Trotskys who make the revolutions, and the Bronsteins who pay the price,” and knowing that his own family did both, through interviews, research and first-hand observations, investigates why there were so many Jewish revolutionaries (“Trotskys”), what price all of the Russian-Empire Jews (“Bronsteins”) paid, and where that leaves us as a people today.
Boris Kievsky was born in Cherkassy, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and came to the United States at the age of six. An award-winning writer and director, he earned BFA and Post-Graduate degrees in theatre before moving to New York, where he performed in, as well as produced and directed several theatrical productions. Upon moving to Los Angeles, Boris made the switch to film and television. As an actor, Boris has appeared on numerous TV shows and all levels of film from shorts to studio releases, often playing some variation of a Russian mobster, much to his Jewish mother’s dismay.
- Antisemitism Watch
- Jewish Partisans-1

This film spoken in Russian covers a topic that previously suppressed, in the film tells of a Jewish partisan movement in Europe, how it originated and how you live, and how the Jews dealt with not only the Nazis, but also local residents.
On this page you can see all the following episodes

- Jewish Partisans-2
- Jewish Partisans-3
- Jewish Partisans-4
- The Auschwitz Album
- Night and Fog (Alain Resnais)
- Berdichev Liberation in WWII
(in Russian)
- "Shoah" told through shadows (text in Spanish)
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 1/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 2/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 3/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 4/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 5/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 6/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 7/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 8/9
- History about the "Nazist" Soviet Union 9/9
- The Holocaust Begins in Berdichev-Ukraine
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Mikhail Yablochnik, part 1/4

- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Mikhail Yablochnik, part 2/4
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Mikhail Yablochnik, part 3/4
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Mikhail Yablochnik, part 4/4
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Raisa Galperina, part 1/2
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Raisa Galperina, part 2/2

- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Genya Burmenko, part 1/3
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Genya Burmenko, part 2/3
- Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Genya Burmenko, part 3/3

- Testimony of Klavdia Lepa about the mass murder of the Jews from Berdichev in Ukraine
- Video about Holodomor (1932/1933)
- Interviews referred to people born in Berdichev
The Holocaust Begins in Berdichev, Ukraine
- Jewish Holocaust in Berdichev
- Execution of Jews in Berdichev



Based in Salt Lake City, Ancestors Seekers has welcomed hundreds of visitors from throughout the US and Canada to provide help from professional researchers at the Family History Library. Genealogy, Family Trees and Family History Records online The network of State archives under the State Committee on Archives of Ukraine includes some 680 institutions. Enter your questions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Ukrainian version of Wikipedia Excellent site in Russian ShtetLinks is a project of JewishGen, Inc., which aims to provide a place where anyone with an interest in a place where Jews have lived to commemorate that place. Ghettoization of European Jewry Indicated by Brittney Barnes Tool for tracing ancestors Indicated by Olivia Barnes Indicated by Debbie Reynolds

This site is a helping tool for preserving documents

ConsumerAffairs recently created reviewing DNA testing and ancestry websites. The guide features verified reviews of companies that offer DNA analysis testing and genealogy records and resources. It's a great tool for people who want to learn more about their family history through DNA testing. Indicated by Becca Riggs Father Desbois, a French priest, who is looking for the witnesses of the Nazis crimes committed against the Jews throughout Eastern Europe. With this project we want to give the possibly to all users to see through the Google maps the locations of the sites which have been identified by Yahad so far and to provide complementary information about the research findings: such as English subtitled short clips, excerpts from the Soviet, German and Polish archives, photographs from the prewar period and nowadays.

A research guide on the Best DNA Tests For Ancestry (courtesy of Mae Richards) Thanks to Marc McDermott, genealogists have nowadays
a pretty neat flowchart illustration that shows how to apply the concepts of the GPS to sound genealogical research. Julia Cai (Elementary School Teacher) offers this tool in order to help genealogy research.

Avery and Allison, both new young researchers offer these tools for our readers Genealogy Research Strategiesindicated by James Cali  Genealogy Research Strategies indicated by James Cali 5 DNA Tests & 5 Different Results | In Search of the Most Accurate DNA Test Living DNA claims to have the first truly international test kit, attributing your DNA ancestry to over 80 distinct global regions. Unlike other modern ancestry tests that may only provide an indication of where you’re from, Living DNA is specific enough to differentiate from 21 different regions of the British Isles.

Genealogy & Ancestry Guide – Finding Your Family History How to get started with genealogy


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Copyright © 2008 Jorge Spunberg
(Last updated on 10/12/2020)

The Berdichev ShtetLinks webpage was created and donated to JewishGen by Jim Borman
and maintained by him through 2004. We thank Jim for his past efforts.