also known as: Dávidfalva (HU), Zavidovo (CZ), Zavidovo (RU)
48°23' N / 22°54' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Dávidfalva
in Bereg megyeZavydovo (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Zavidovo in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia),
then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Zavidovo and, since 1991, known as Zavydovo, in the Mukachevskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Zavydovo are Závidfalva.
Zavydovo is located about thirteen miles east-southeast of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Zavydovo in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 56, and by 1910, the Jewish population was 105.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 108. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population was 119.
With the Hungarian occupation of Zavydovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Zavydovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 141 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Zavydovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Zavydovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Zavydovo had about 1,647 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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