also known as: Hajasd (HU), Volušanka (CZ), Volosyanka (RU)
48°03' N / 23°29' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Hajasd
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Volušanka
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Volosyanka and, since 1991, known as Volosyanka, in the Velykobereznianskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Volosyanka are Volosianka.
Volosyanka is located about fifty miles north-northeast of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Volosyanka in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 53.
With the Hungarian occupation of Volosyanka in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Volosyanka were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern Front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Volosyanka were deported to Auschwitz in late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Volosyanka were murdered in Auschwitz; any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Volosyanka had about 1,646 inhabitants — no Jews live there today.
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