also known as: Egreshát (HU), Olšinky (CZ), Olschinki (RU)
48°47' N / 22°39' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Egreshát
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Olšinky
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Olschinki
and, since 1991, known as Vil'shynky, in the Perechynskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Vil'shynky are Vulsinka and Vulšinky.
Vil'shynky is located about fifteen miles east-northeast of Perechyn [Perecseny].
Jews probably settled in Vil'shynky in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 38, and by 1910, the Jewish population dropped to 20.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 13. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population increased to 14.
With the Hungarian occupation of Vil'shynky in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Vil'shynky were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 6 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Vil'shynky were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Vil'shynky were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Vil'shynky had about 561 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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