also known as: Veréce (HU), Veriača (CZ), Veryatza (RU)
48°03' N / 23°29' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Veréce
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Veriača
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Veryatza
and, since 1991, known as Veryatsya, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Veryatsya are Verécze, Verjacja and Veryatsa.
Veryatsya is located about eight miles north-northeast of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős) and 18 miles west-southwest of Chust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Veryatsya in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 47 and by 1830, the Jewish population rose to 148 (of a total population of 801).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population dropped to 118.
Jews owned six stores and also engaged in agriculture.
With the Hungarian occupation of Veryatsya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Veryatsya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 103.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Veryatsya were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Veryatsya were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Veryatsya had about 2,032 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1387-88
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