also known as: Nagygejőcz (HU), Veľké Gejovce (CZ), Vyelikiy Gyeyevtsi (RU), Gevits (Yid)
48°30' N / 22°20' E
~ Introduction ~
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Velyki Heyivtsi was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Nagygejőcz in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Veľké Gejovce in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vyelikiy Gyeyevtsi and, since 1991, known as Velyki Heyivtsi, in the Uzhhorodskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Velyki Heyivtsi was known as Gevits.
Other spellings/names for Velyki Heyivtsi are Velikoye Geyovtse, Velki Hejivci, Velki Gejovci and Nagygeöcz.
Velyki Heyivtsi is located about 8 miles ESE of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Velyki Heyivtsi in the late 18th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 52, and by 1880, the Jewish population was 183 (of a total population of 1,105).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 120. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Velyki Heyivtsi in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Velyki Heyivtsi were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 69 and it was at this time, half of the Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Velyki Heyivtsi were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Velyki Heyivtsi were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Velyki Heyivtsi had about 1,062 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1381
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Velyki Heyivtsi Jewish families: