also known as: Nagypalád (HU), Veľká Palad (CZ), Velikaya Palad' (RU), Groys Palad (Yid)
48°00' N / 22°53' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Nagypalád
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Veľká Palad
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Velikaya Palad'
and, since 1991, known as Velyka Palad', in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Velyka Palad' was known as Groys Palad.
Other spellings/names for Velyka Palad' are Veľká Palata, Velika Palagy and Nad'-Palad.
Velyka Palad' is located about twelve miles south-southwest of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Velyka Palad' in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 115, and by 1910, th Jewish population was 147.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 171. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture. The youth were members of Tze'irei Mizrachi.
With the Hungarian occupation of Velyka Palad' in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Velyka Palad' were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 171 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Velyka Palad' were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Velyka Palad' were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Velyka Palad' had about 2,016 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941 The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1381
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