also known as: Nagydobrony (HU), Veľká Dobroň (CZ), Velikaya Dobron' (RU)
48°25' N / 22°23' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Nagydobrony
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Veľká Dobroň
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Velikaya Dobron'
and, since 1991, known as Velyka Dobron', in the Uzhhorodskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Velyka Dobron' are Velyka Dobrony.
In Yiddish, Velyka Dobron' was known as Groys Dobron
Velyka Dobron' is located about fourteen miles south-southeast of Uzhhorod (Ungvár) and fifteen miles west of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Velyka Dobron' in the early 19th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was six.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 123 (of a total population of 2,087).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 227.
By 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 275.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from trade (16), artisans (3), and a few were farmers or engaged in the building trade. Jews also owned a flour mill.
With the Hungarian occupation of Velyka Dobron' in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, a few dozen Jews from Velyka Dobron' were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Velyka Dobron' were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Velyka Dobron' were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Velyka Dobron' had about 5,607 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 1380
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