also known as: Nagyláz (HU), Veľký Láz (CZ), Vyeliki Lazi (RU)
48°34' N / 22°24' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Nagyláz
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Veľký Láz
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vyeliki Lazi
and, since 1991, known as Velikiye Lazy, in the Uzhhorodskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Velikiye Lazy are Veliki Lazy.
Velikiye Lazy is located about eight miles east-southeast of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Velikiye Lazy in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 83, and by 1910, the Jewish population was 46.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 31. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population decreased to 26.
With the Hungarian occupation of Velikiye Lazy in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Velikiye Lazy were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 27 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Velikiye Lazy were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Velikiye Lazy were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Velikiye Lazy had about 1,426 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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