by a Russian (government) surveyor by the name of Andrejev, and part
of a much larger survey. The map/plot plan has to be viewed in the
historical context of the 1863 uprising against the central
government. As punishment for the revolt, a significant portion of the
populace around U×paliai was exiled to Siberia and, organized by the
Russian government, Russian colonists were brought in to the area to
replace them - about 111 families in all. A period map of where the
Russian colonists were actually settled does not show any settlers
within what were Jewish owned lots. To service the new arrivals, the
government drew up plans for and later  built the local Russian
Orthodox Church and redistributed land in the general area of U×paliai.
As part of the 1870 survey, the "outsider's" holdings in and
around the town were documented. The Jewish cemetery is visible at the
bottom of the plan.