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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Uglya
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Uhľa
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Uglja
and, since 1991, known as Uhlya, in the Tiachivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Uhlya was known as Igle.
Other spellings/names for Uhlya are Uhlia and Uhla.
Uhlya is located about twenty-five miles east of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Uhlya in the early in the 19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 379, and in 1910, the Jewish population was 707 with the Jews earning their livelihoods in trade and crafts. They also owned about 20 business establishments and operated two flour mills.
During the Czechoslovakian period, various youth groups were active, including Betar, Hehalutz and Tze'irei Mizrachi.
With the Hungarian occupation of Uhlya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Uhlya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 669.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Uhlya, about 250, were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Uhlya were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Uhlya had about 3,117 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) pp. 1356-57
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