also known as: Técső (HU), Ťačová (CZ), Tyachev (RU)
48°01' N / 23°35' E
~ Introduction ~
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Tyachiv was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Técső in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Ťačová in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Tyachev and, since 1991, known as Tyachiv, in the Tiachivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Tyachiv was known as Tetsh.
Other spellings/names for Tyachiv are Teçeu Mare, Großteutschenau, Tachovo, Ťačov, Ťačovo, Tjačiv, Tech, Tecs, Técsö, Tesco, Tiachev, Tiacheva, Tyachevo, Tachevo, Tyacsiv and Tiachiv.
Tyachiv is located about 17 miles SE of Khust (Huszt), on the Tisza River and the border with Romania.
Jews probably settled in Tyachiv in the first half of the 18th century.
A single-family of six Jews was present after 1746.
After the Jews abandoned the town, the Jewish settlement was only renewed in the late 19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 142.
By 1930, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 1,042
Then by 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 994 (of a total population of 3,965).
And number of Jews farmed and a few were administrative officials. The Zionists and Agudat Israel were mainly active among the young.
With the Hungarian occupation of Tyachiv in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Tyachiv were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Tyachiv were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Tyachiv were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Tyachiv had about 1,555 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) pp. 1283-1284
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
Avraham David ZOLDAN, Israel
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Tyachiv Jewish families: