also known as: Alsószinevér (HU), Sinovír (CZ), Sinevir (RU)
48°29' N / 23°38' E
~ Introduction ~
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Synevyr was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Alsószinevér in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Sinovír in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Sinevir and, since 1991, known as Synevyr, in the Mizhhirskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Synevyr was known as Siniver.
Other spellings/names for Synevyr are Alsószinevér, Szinyyvir, Szinevir, Sinijvir and Siniyvir.
Synevyr is located about 26 miles NE of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Synevyr in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 218.
With the Hungarian occupation of Synevyr in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Synevyr were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Synevyr were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Synevyr were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Synevyr had about 4,805 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Alik FRIEDMAN, Israel
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Synevyr Jewish families: