Mielnitza, Tarnopol, Czernovitz, and Kudrynce--where are they on a map??
Mielnitza - on the Dniester stream, c 1900s
MIELNITZA/MIELNICA, (coordinates, Jewishgen Shtetl Seeker); 4837 2610--231.8 miles WSW of Kiev, Ukraine--5 miles from Kudrintsy, now MEL'NITZA-PODOL'SKAYA, UKRAINE;
"village (1931 pop. 4,750) SE Ternopol oblast Ukrainian SSR, in Dniester R. valley, 14 mi SSE of Borshcev; rail terminus; flour milling, tanning, brickworking , vineyards. Has palace, church with medieval paintings."(5)
Adolph told me Mielnitza, (where he had apprenticed in my grandfather Fischel's tailor shop "Home Page"), was a small village--birthplace of Lena Reiter Blitzer; records of Reiters and Blitzers back to the 1700s)
Czernovitz - antique postcards, c late 1800s - early 1900s
Tarnopol - antique postcards c mid-1800s
"TARNOPOL(POLISH)TERNOPOL, Oblast Ukrainian, SSE in Podolian plane on Seret R. (here forms artificial lake) 490 33' N 250 36L.
Rail junction (3) rail lines, airport, agr. Trading; (cereal, eggs) and processing grain, sugar beet fruit, tobacco center; distilling (liquor, vinegar beer) : mfg. of agr. Machinery , cement, chalk, candies, soap; sawmilling. Stone quarry near by. Has technical schools, mus., several churches and monasteries, including 15th-cent. Synagogue and old castle transformed into church. Founded 1540 by Pol. Hetman Jan Tarnowski, fortified and developed as commercial town. Severely damaged during Confederation of Bar (1770) ; passed to Austria (1772 ) and became a noted horse-trading center. Captured by Russians during First World War and assaulted by Austro-Germans (1915). Reverted to Poland (1919) ; ceded to USSR in 1945.
Jewish population largely exterminated during Second World War. Until 1944 called Tarnopol, its Polish name."(6)
Adolph said Tarnopol was a jewel of a city. (birthplace of Chana Fleischmann ??Reiter)
Kudrynce - summer 1995
(Jewishgen coordinates) 4837 2617; 226.8 miles WSW of Kiev; About 5 miles NE of Mielnitza; (28 miles NNE of Czernovitz)
Kudrynce, Galicia, Pre WW I --Adolph's birthplace. Pre WW II--Jews, 52 (7)
The above pictures were taken by professional genealogist Miriam Weiner (Routes to Roots). In the summer of 1995, Miriam Weiner visited Mielnitza and Kudrynce. Ms Weiner interviewed Ukrainian residents who remembered the family names REITER, BLITZER, and she visited areas that were formerly cemetaries. (more about this later in the Holocaust chapter)
Kudrynce, Galicia -- pronounced: "Kid-er-unce", birthplace of Adolph Blitzer and his families: Blitzers, Reinsteins, Zukers (records back to the 1700s)
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02/27/2011 by ELR
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