also known as: Őrdarma (HU), Jovra (CZ), Storozhnitsa (RU)
48°36' N / 22°14' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Őrdarma
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Jovra
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Storozhnitsa
and, since 1991, known as Storozhnytsya, in the Uzhhorodskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Storozhnytsya was known as Jure.
Other spellings/names for Storozhnytsya are Storożnica, Iovro-Darma and Jovroderma.
Storozhnytsya is located about three miles west-southwest of Uzhhorod (Ungvár), near the Slovak border.
Jews probably settled in Storozhnytsya in the first half of the 18th century.
Four Jews were present in 1768.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 193 and rose to 325 (of a total population 1,380) in 1880.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population dropped to 235.
Then by 1941, the Jewish population rose to 241.
A number of Jews farmed small plots of land and there was one who owned a large farm.
With the Hungarian occupation of Storozhnytsya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Storozhnytsya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Storozhnytsya were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Storozhnytsya were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Storozhnytsya had about 2,623 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 578
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Nikoli KATZ, USA
Zvika OREN, Israel
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
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