The 1929 Skala Taxpayers' List

An Introduction and Translation
by Lancy Spalter

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In 1929, the officials of the Jewish community of Skala made an assessment of the taxes to be paid to the community during 1929-1930 by each of the families deemed of sufficient means to be taxed. Some community members felt that the amounts stipulated in the assessment were beyond their means. Not having been able to settle this dispute with the community officials, they appealed to the Starosta in the district capital of Ternopol. The Starosta, who was the adminstrative head of the local villages, asked for a copy of the assessment, looked at the documents and finally remanded the dispute to the community officials, instructing them to reach a settlement with the protesters.

Thanks to this event, which must have caused much distress in the community, the list of heads of household and the amounts to be paid by each was kept in the archives of the Starosta in Ternopol. Today, a microfilmed copy of the list is at the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People in Jerusalem. I saw the microfilm and transliterated the list.

The list does not include all the household heads, only those who were expected to pay taxes.

A native of Skala, who was personally acquainted with many of the people in this list, contributed his comments and clarifications concerning names and places. His remarks have been added to the list as end notes.

S/NSURNAMENAMETOWN/VILLAGEAMOUNT
(ZLOTY)
001AUERBACHHERSCHSKALA10.00
002AUERBACHLEIBSKALA8.00
003AUGENBLICKELIASSKALA6.00
004AUGENBLICKISAKGUSZTYN6.00
005ASCHENDORFIRESKALA6.00
006ASCHKENAZYHERSCHSKALA4.00
007BANNERARONSKALA4.00
008BENZIONFISCHELSKALA6.00
009BEZNERKALMANLOSIACZ6.00
010BILGREI[1]KALMANSKALA6.00
011BILGREI[2]MOSESLOSIACZ8.00
012BLUTSTEINHERSCHSKALA4.00
013BLUTSTEINRACHELSKALA4.00
014BLUTSTEINABRAHAMSKALA12.00
015BLUTSTEINBERLSKALA6.00
016BLUTSTEINCHAIMSKALA2.00
017BLEICHJOZEF HERSCHSKALA2.00
018BLOCHJOZEFSKALA6.00
019BOSYKSZAJESKALA6.00
020BOSYKMARKUSSKALA4.00
021BRANDESMENDELSKALA8.00
022BRANDESJAKOB BERSKALA8.00
023BRENERJUDASKALA6.00
024BRETTSCHNEIDERJOSEF ARONSKALA4.00
025BRETTSCHNEIDERABRAHAMSKALA8.00
026BRETTSCHNEIDERGEDALIESKALA12.00
027BRETTSCHNEIDERNECHEMIELOSIACZ4.00
028BRETTSCHNEIDERSEIDE[3]LOSIACZ8.00
029BRETTLERNACHMANSKALA16.00
030BRIMERISRAELSKALA2.00
031BRIMERMOSESSKALA6.00
032BRÜLLER[4]MOSESSKALA12.00
033BUGACHAIM ISRAELSKALA8.00
034BUGAJOZEFSKALA8.00
035BUGALEIBSKALA8.00
036DEUTSCHMANPINKASSKALA4.00
037DOLINERELIASSKALA8.00
038EDELMANARON s. JOELA[5]SKALA6.00
039EDELMANARON s. MOSESA[6]SKALA4.00
040EDELSTEINHERSCHSKALA4.00
041EHRENBERGMENDELSKALA8.00
042EHRLICHMEIERCYGANY6.00
043EISENFELDMENDELCYGANY4.00
044EISENFELDJAKOB SENDERA[7]CYGANY6.00
045EISENFELDCHAIMCYGANY2.00
046EISENFELDJAKOB CHAIMA[8]CYGANY2.00
047EISENFELDSEIDECYGANY10.00
048ENGELBACHCHAIM BERSKALA6.00
049EISNERJOSEFSKALA2.00
050ELKESNUCHIMSKALA4.00
051FEUERSTEINMOSESSKALA10.00
052FEUERSTEINLEISERSKALA2.00
053FEUERSTEINCHAIM LEIBSKALA8.00
054FEUERSTEINMENDELSKALA8.00
055FEUERSTEINGEDALIESKALA8.00
056FEUERSTEINISRAEL SCH.SKALA8.00
057FEUERSTEINISRAEL JOZEFA[9]SKALA2.00
058FEUERSTEINSUCHERSKALA6.00
059FEUERSTEINCHAIM EIZIGSKALA6.00
060FEUERSTEINCHANESKALA10.00
061FEUERSTEINPINKASLOSIACZ6.00
062FEUERSTEINJAKOBGUSZTYN6.00
063FEUERELISZE[10]WIERZBOWKA4.00
064FEINSILBERYECHIELSKALA12.00
065FEINSILBERSISIESKALA12.00
066FIDERERBENZIONSKALA24.00
067FISCHDAWIDSKALA8.00
068FISCHPINKASSKALA4.00
069FISCHHOFJOZEFLOSIACZ8.00
070FOISTERIZRAELDEBOWKA12.00
071FREIFELDERIZRAEL LEIBSKALA50.00
072FRENKELABRAHAMSKALA12.00
073FRENKELKLARASKALA8.00
074FRISCHBORUCHSKALA6.00
075FUSSISAKSKALA8.00
076FLASCHNERMAKSGUSZTYNEK50.00
077GARFUNKELISAKSKALA8.00
078GARFUNKELFISCHELSKALA8.00
079GEMEINERMANFISCHELSKALA8.00
080GELBARDISAKSKALA12.00
081GELBARDJONASSKALA6.00
082GERTLERISAKSKALA16.00
083GOLDENBERGFISCHELGUSZTYN10.00
084GOLDHIRSCHMEIERSKALA6.00
085GOLDSCHEINAZRIELSKALA16.00
086GOLDSCHEIN (false SCHWARZBACH)ISRAELSKALA4.00
087GOTTESFELDMOSESDEBOWKA12.00
088GOTTESFELDLEONBURDIAKOWCE4.00
089GOTTESFELDMECHELSKALA4.00
090GOTTESFELDAZRIELSKALA8.00
091GOTTESFELDBENJAMINSKALA4.00
092GOTTESFELDMOSESSKALA12.00
093GOTTESFELDESTERSKALA6.00
094GOTTESMANBENJAMINSKALA12.00
095GOTTFRIEDMECHELSKALA16.00
096GOTTLIEBLEIBSKALA8.00
097GROSSMANMOSESCYGANY6.00
098GRUNBERGABRAHAMSKALA12.00
099GRUNHUTSALOMONCYGANY4.00
100GRUNMANIZRAELSKALA6.00
101GRUNMANJOELSKALA6.00
102GRUNSBERGOSIASSKALA4.00
103GELMANOSIASGUSZTYNEK6.00
104HAMERMOSESSKALA50.00
105HAUSNERSALOMONSKALA50.00
106HAUSNERISAKSKALA12.00
107HECHTENTHALISAKSKALA12.00
108HELLERMOSES JAKOBCYGANY6.00
109HELLMANISAKSKALA6.00
110HERSCHERUSZERSKALA8.00
111HERSCHERISAKSKALA4.00
112HERSCHERNATANSKALA8.00
113HERSCHERSALMONSKALA8.00
114HERSCHERELIASSKALA16.00
115HERZOGJOZEFSKALA6.00
116HESCHELESSAMUELSKALA8.00
117HOROWITZJOZEFBURDIAKOWCE4.00
118JAGETJOZEFSKALA50.00
119JAGENDORFMOSESSKALA50.00
120JAGENDORFCHAIMSKALA12.00
121JAGENDORFMECHELSKALA12.00
122JAGERSALOMONSKALA4.00
123JAWETZBENZIONSKALA4.00
124JOLLESELIASSKALA10.00
125JUSIMJAKOBSKALA10.00
126KARMINHERSCHSKALA50.00
127KASSIERERIZRAELSKALA16.00
128KASSIERERFEIBISCHSKALA8.00
129KASSIERERMOSES ABRAHAMSKALA6.00
130KASSIERERRACHMIELSKALA24.00
131KASSIEREROSIASSKALA4.00
132KELLMANSANIESKALA8.00
133KELLMANMENDELSKALA6.00
134KLINGERRUCHELSKALA30.00
135KLINGERCHAIM LEIBSKALA24.00
136KLINGERSEIDE HERSCHSKALA12.00
137KLINGERALTER KRAGLASKALA4.00
138KLINGERBENJAMINLOSIACZ20.00
139KOHNMESCHLSKALA4.00
140KOHNLIPESKALA12.00
141KOWALJOSEFSKALA10.00
142KREITNERMAJERSKALA6.00
143KREITNERALTERLOSIACZ5.00
144KLEINROCKMAKSGUSZTYNEK50.00
145LACHMANSCHMAJESKALA8.00
146LANDAUHERSCHSKALA10.00
147LANDAUMAJERLOSIACZ6.00
148LEMBERGSALOMONSKALA4.00
149LEIBOWICZCHAIMSKALA8.00
150LINDMANCHAIMSKALA6.00
151LOWENKRONMOSESSKALA4.00
152LUNENFELDLEIBSKALA6.00
153MANNISAKSKALA8.00
154MEISELMANCHAIMSKALA6.00
155MELZERSCHMARJESKALA400.00
156MELZERMOSES DAWIDSKALA300.00
157MELZEREISIGSKALA4.00
158MENCZELMOSES EFROIMSKALA16.00
159MESSINGDAWIDSKALA4.00
160MONDSCHEINFATELCYGANY10.00
161MOSNERMOSESSKALA16.00
162MOSNERLEIBISCHSKALA8.00
163OLLINGERDEBORASKALA20.00
164OLLINGERALTEN[11]SKALA4.00
165OPPERCHAIMSKALA4.00
166PEKERISRAELSKALA16.00
167PLITTISAKSKALA6.00
168PRESSELMANESSKALA8.00
169POHORYLESHANSZALUCZE40.00
170RABINOWICZABRAHAMSKALA6.00
171RAPPIZRAELLOSIACZ8.00
172RAPAPORTCHAIM ABRAHAMSKALA12.00
173ROSENBAUMHERSZCYGANY10.00
174ROSENZWEIGWOLF LEIBBURDIAKOWCE10.00
175ROSENBLATTSOSIESKALA4.00
176ROSENKOCHALTERSKALA6.00
177ROSENWALDSAMSONSKALA4.00
178SANDBERGARON MOSESIWANKOW12.00
179SANDBERGISAKSKALA4.00
180SCHAPIRAISRAELBURDIAKOWCE6.00
181SCHAPIRAARON SAMUELBURDIAKOWCE6.00
182SCHAPIRAMOSESPODFILIPIE24.00
183SCHAPIRADR. OTTOSKALA30.00
184SCHAPIRAABRAHAMIWANKOW6.00
185SCHARFSTEINCHAIMCYGANY10.00
186SCHIFFMENACHEMSKALA40.00
187SCHNITZERMENDELSKALA16.00
188SCHWARZJAKOBZALUCZE8.00
189SCHWARZDAWIDSKALA6.00
190SCHWARZBACHSEIDESKALA50.00
191SCHWARZBACHMORDKOSKALA20.00
192SCHWARZBACHWOLF s. M.D.[12]SKALA20.00
193SCHWARZBACHJAKOB ?SKALA4.00
194SCHWARZBACHKALMANSKALA8.00
195SCHWARZBACHDAWIDSKALA6.00
196SCHWARZBACHLIPESKALA4.00
197SCHWARZBACHHERSZ s. Y.S.[13]SKALA6.00
198SCHNEIDERJOZEFSKALA4.00
199SCHNEIDERCHAIMSKALA4.00
200SCHRENZELDAWIDSKALA8.00
201SILBERJUDALOSIACZ5.00
202SILBERBUSCHDAWIDTURYLCZE8.00
203SILBERBUSCHLAZARTURYLCZE8.00
204SILBERBUSCHCHAIMTURYLCZE8.00
205SILBERBUSCHMOSESTURYLCZE8.00
206SEIDMANMARKUSGUSZTYN40.00
207SOBELSEIDESKALA6.00
208SOMERALTERSKALA16.00
209STACHELLEIBSKALA8.00
210STECKMANM.SELIGSKALA2.00
211STEINIGMEIERCYGANY6.00
212STEINERNUTASKALA12.00
213STEINERUSZERSKALA10.00
214STERNSCHEINNUSENSKALA4.00
215STERNADOLFSKALA8.00
216STOCKFEIBISCH LIEBER s. WOLFA[14]SKALA200.00
217STOCKURCIEPODFILIPIE12.00
218STOCKLUWISCHSKALA12.00
219TABAKLIWSCHE[15]SKALA40.00
220TABAKCH.SISIE[16]SKALA12.00
221THALERHERSCHSKALA6.00
222WALDMANARONSKALA40.00
223WALLACHISAK LEIBSKALA6.00
224WARMBRANDMEIERCYGANY6.00
225WASSERMANWOLF LEIBA[17]CYGANY20.00
226WASSERMANCHAIM LEIBA[18]SKALA16.00
227WASSERMANCHAIM s. SCHAJA[19]SKALA6.00
228WASSERMANJAKOBSKALA8.00
229WASSERMANWOLF s. JAKOBA[20]SKALA4.00
230WASSERMANMOSESSKALA50.00
231WASSERMANLEISER[21]SKALA12.00
232WEIDBERGMARKUSSKALA24.00
233WEIDBERGMOSESSKALA20.00
234WEIDBERGBERISCHSKALA8.00
235WEIDENFELDDAWID ELOSKALA8.00
236WEIDENFELDBORUCH MOSESSKALA6.00
237WEIDENFELDSALOMONSKALA6.00
238WEINFELDMOSESSKALA4.00
239WEINGASTSEIDE[22]SKALA6.00
240WEINGASTMATESSKALA4.00
241WEINGASTLEISER[23]SKALA4.00
242WEINRAUBSALOMONSKALA20.00
243WEINRAUBMOSESSKALA4.00
244WEINRAUBCHASKEL SIMONSKALA4.00
245WEINRAUBABRAHAMSKALA12.00
246WEINRAUBNACHMANGUSZTYNEN[24]6.00
247WEINTRAUBHERSCHSKALA10.00
248WEIZMANBERLLOSIACZ6.00
249WEISERNATANLOSIACZ8.00
250WEISERMOSESLOSIACZ10.00
251WEISSMANDAWIDSKALA8.00
252WEISINGERMECHELSKALA10.00
253WEISINGERMEILECHSKALA10.00
254WEISINGERMALESKALA6.00
255WIESENTHALZACHARJESKALA10.00
256WIESENTHALDR. DAWIDSKALA30.00
257WIESENTHALFEIBISCHSKALA4.00
258WIESENTHALHERSCHSKALA6.00
259WIESENTHALMAJERCYGANY6.00
260WIESENTHALARONCYGANY6.00
261WEINFELDBABESKALA6.00
262ZIMERMANTODRESSKALA8.00
263KREMNITZERMARKUSSKALA6.00
264SCHINDLERSALOMONSKALA3.00


Endnotes

  1. Actual surname was Bilgorei Return
  2. Actual surname was Bilgorei Return
  3. Actual name was Zeide Return
  4. Surname was pronounced BRILLER Return
  5. Aron son of Joel Return
  6. Aron son of Moses Return
  7. Jakob son of Sender Return
  8. Jakob son of Chaim Return
  9. Israel son of Jozef Return
  10. Actual name was Elisza Return
  11. Actual name was Alter Return
  12. Wolf son of Moshe David Return
  13. Hersz son of Yisroel Szymon Return
  14. Feibisch Lieber son of Wolf Return
  15. Actual name was Lifsche Return
  16. Actual name was Chaim Zisie Return
  17. Wolf son of Leib Return
  18. Chaim son of Leib Return
  19. Chaim son of Schaja Return
  20. Wolf son of Jakob Return
  21. Actual name was Leizer Return
  22. Actual name was Zeide Return
  23. Actual name was Leizer Return
  24. Name of village was Gusztynek Return


Introduction and translated by Lancy Spalter
This page created by Max Heffler
Updated Jun 18, 2006. Copyright 2005 Skala Research Group. All Rights Reserved.