Simer, Ukraine
Сімер, Yкраïна

also known as:
Ószemere (HU), Simera Stará (CZ), Simer (RU)

48°44' N / 22°31' E

~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Simer   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Ószemere   in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Simera Stará   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Simer snd, since 1991, known as Simer, in the Perechynskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.

Simer is located about fifteen miles north-northeast of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).

~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2014 by Marshall J. KATZ

NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Ung megye/Ószemere (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Ung megye/Ószemere

~ History ~

Jews probably settled in Simer in the late 18th century.

In 1880, the Jewish population was 18 (of a total population of 557).

In 1910, the Jewish population was 33.

By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 39. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.

In 1930, the Jewish population was 40.

With the Hungarian occupation of Simer in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Simer were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.

By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 32 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.

The remaining Jews of Simer were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.

A great many of the Jews from Simer were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.

In 2001, Simer had about 1,856 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.

Sources (portions):

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Created and Compiled by:
Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from:

Nikoli KATZ, USA
Lo Tishkach Foundation - European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following

JewishGen members/descendants and
contributors of Simer Jewish families:


Updated: 21 November 2020

Copyright ©2014
Marshall J. Katz
All rights reserved

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