also known as: Felsősárad (HU), Vižni Šard (CZ), Shirokoye (RU)
48°03' N / 23°29' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Felsősárad
in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Vižni Šard
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Shirokoye
and, since 1991, known as Shyroke, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Shyroke are Shiroke.
Shyroke is located about twenty-one miles north-northeast of Chust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Shyroke in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 84.
With the Hungarian occupation of Shyroke in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Shyroke were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Shyroke were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Shyroke were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Shyroke had about 2,411 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
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