also known as: Oroszkomoróc (HU), Ruski Komórovce (CZ), Ruski Komarovtsy (RU)
48°31' N / 22°26' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Oroszkomoróc
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Ruski Komórovce
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Ruski Komarovtsy
and, since 1991, known as Ruski Komarivci, in the Uzhhorodskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Ruski Komarivci are Okemenze, Komoróc(z), Komaróc(z), Komoróci, Komaruvci and Orosz-Komoróc(z).
Ruski Komarivci is located about thirteen miles south of Uzhhorod (Ungvár) and seventeen west of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Ruski Komarivci in the early 19th century.
By 1877, the Jewish population was 115 (of a total population of 752).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population continued to increase.
By 1941, the Jewish population was ???.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.
With the Hungarian occupation of Ruski Komarivci in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Ruski Komarivci were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Ruski Komarivci were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Ruski Komarivci were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Ruski Komarivci had about 1,576 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 788
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