also known as: Oroszmokra (HU), Mokrá Ruská (CZ), Russkaya Mokraya (RU), Mokra Russki (Yid)
48°21' N / 23°54' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Oroszmokra
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Mokrá Ruská
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Russkaya Mokraya
and, since 1991, known as Ruska Mokra, in the Tiachivsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Ruska Mokra was known as Mokra Russki.
Other spellings/names for Ruska Mokra are Ruska Mokra, Russisch-Mokra, Rusish Mokre, Russkaya Mokra and Ruszka Mokra.
Ruska Mokra is located about thirty miles east-northeast of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Ruska Mokra in the mid-19th century, after residence bans were lifted in the mining districts.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 41 (of a total population of 498).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 107.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 109. A number of Jews were employes at the mineral baths while others engaged in agriculture, in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 137.
With the Hungarian occupation of Ruska Mokra in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Ruska Mokra were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 180 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Ruska Mokra were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Ruska Mokra were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Ruska Mokra had about 1,358 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1107 Budapest
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