Rudki during the war years
December 9th 1939 at 11:00 am while the young
men and women congregated in the center squares, the Rynek and the
Germans invaded Rudki, the advanced guard on motorcycles followed by
Already on the first day, houses were burned and terror inflicted on
population. They stayed in the city for about
2 weeks and then the Molotov-Ribbentrop accord was signed and the Red Army invaded the town and took control. The Russian army was received by the Jewish population with mixed feelings but with a sigh of relief that the immediate danger for their lives was removed.
During the Russian rule, a severe policy of hard labor was imposed on all, without regard to race, religion or gender.
on June 22nd 1941 the German army
crossed the agreement lines and the Russian army retreated in panic and
disorder. The Germans re-entered Rudki on
July 7th 1941.
The Germans ruled with terror, humiliations and degradations.
As soon as they entered the town they incited the local population against the Jews.
Ukrainian Militia was established to assist the Germans
and the Ukrainian population took the opportunity to take revenge on
the Poles and the Russians, and given a free hand, they inflicted many
and lootings on the Jews.
The academia and intelligentsia were rounded up and killed. The synagogue was torched and burned.
The Jews were ordered to work in slave labor, building roads, barracks, and anything else that the Germans needed. Food was scarce, the beatings and the killings on going. Their property was looted and frequently they were ordered to pay ransom money to save themselves from immediate death. Every now and then, they will have an “Akzia” when Jews will be herded into the town square and then taken to the forest to dig ditches and be shot in front of them.
Judenrat was established which was given the unfortunate
task of managing the Ghetto, managing the labor and managing the
rounding up of
Jews to be taken and be killed.
October of 1941 the Ghetto was established and 2200 Jews
from Rudki and Komarno were forced to live there. The Ghetto was
conditions unsanitary and dire.
March of 1942 many Jews were taken to the extermination
1943 the 3rd Akzia took place in which the
Ghetto was liquidated. The Jews were taken either to the Janow camp in