War II, the eastern part of
The Jewish population lived mainly in small towns and consisted about 10% of the entire population. Most lived poorly, largely working in small workshops and enterprises, and as craftsmen, such as tailors, carpenters, hat makers, jewelers and opticians. At the same time, the number of Jewish intellectual workers proportionally to the Ukrainian or Polish population was much higher. There were many physicians, dentists , workers in culture, theaters and cinema, barbers, nurses, and lawyers.
In the end of
the 18th and
the beginning of the 19th century
September 1939, most of
majority of Galician Jews perished in the Holocaust. They were
the German death camps of Sobibor, Belzec and Majdanek, as well as
ghettos and camps, and in shooting operations. What remains today is a
landscape of occasionally restored cemeteries and synagogues, but few
survivors immigrated to
In the popular perception, Galitzianers were considered to be more emotional and prayerful than their rivals, the Litvaks, who thought of them as irrational and uneducated. They, in turn, held the Litvaks in disdain. The two groups diverged in their Yiddish accents and even in their cuisine, separated by the "Gefilte Fish Line", Galitzianers like things sweet, even to the extent of putting sugar in their fish.