also known as: Rákó (HU), Rakove (CZ), Rakovo (RU)
48°41' N / 22°39' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Rákó
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Rakove
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Rakovo and, since 1991, known as Rakovo,
in the Perechynskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Rakovo are Rakov and Turjanské Rakovo.
Rakovo is located about nine miles east-southeast of Perechyn [Perecseny].
Jews probably settled in Rakovo in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 22, and by 1910, the Jewish population was 50.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 55. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population had decreased to 41.
With the Hungarian occupation of Rakovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Rakovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 64 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Rakovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Rakovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Rakovo had about 784 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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