also known as: Rafajnaújfalu (HU), Rafajna Nové Selo (CZ), Rafainovo (RU)
48°19'29" N / 22°29'15" E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Rafajnaújfalu
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Rafajna Nové Selo
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Rafainovo
and, since 1991, known as Rafaynovo, in the Berehivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Rafaynovo are
Rafajna-Újfalu, Rafaylovo, Rafaynovo, Rafajnowo, Rafaynovo and Rafajnovo.
Rafaynovo is located about fifteen miles west-northwest of Berehove (Beregszász).
Jews probably settled in Rafaynovo in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 3 and by 1910, the Jewish population was 45.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 41. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture. Of the youth groups, the most active were the Orthodox, such as Pirhei Agudat Israel.
By 1930, the Jewish population dropped to 28.
With the Hungarian occupation of Rafaynovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Rafaynovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population was 28 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Rafaynovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Rafaynovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Rafaynovo had about 974 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budappest, c. 1941
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