also known as: Szajkófalva (HU), Osuj (CZ), Ossoj (RU)
48°22' N / 23°07' E
~ Introduction ~
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Osiy was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Szajkófalva in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Osuj in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Ossoj and, since 1991, known as Osiy, in the Irshavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Osiy are Osoj, Oszuj and Ossij.
Osiy is located about 19 miles ESE of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Osiy in the mid-19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 95 (of a total population of 1,350).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 147.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 149. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population remained 149.
With the Hungarian occupation of Osiy in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Osiy were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 163 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Osiy were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Osiy were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Osiy had about 3,555 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 948 Budapest
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Osiy Jewish families: