also known as: Ilonokújfalu (HU), Onyk (CZ), Onok (RU)
48°13' N / 23°00' E
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Ilonokújfalu
in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Onyk
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Onok and, since 1991, known as Onok,
in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Onok is located about five miles north-northwest of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Onok at the turn of the 18th century.
In 1880 the Jewish population was 135 (of a total population of 1,040).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 189. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Onok in March, 1939 Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41 Jews from Onok were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941 the Jewish population had increased to 238 and it was at this time that a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Onok were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Onok were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001 Onok had about 3,094 inhabitants; no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 937
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