also known as: Szőlősegres (HU), Egreš (CZ), Olyeshnik (RU)
48°10' N / 22°58' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Szőlősegres
in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Egreš
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Olyeshnik
and, since 1991, known as Oleshnyk, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Oleshnyk are Olešník and Olyeshnik.
Oleshnyk is located about five miles west-northwest of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Oleshnyk in the late 18th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 44, and by 1880, the Jewish population was 80.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 70. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 49.
With the Hungarian occupation of Oleshnyk in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Oleshnyk were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 41 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Oleshnyk were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Oleshnyk were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Oleshnyk had about 4,696 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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