|Latitude/Longitude: 48°38´ N 24°34´||2, 3|
|Altitude: 428 meters above sealevel.|
|107 km WNW of Chernovtsy||2|
|1590s||Victims of the Nalyvaiko Cossak pogroms buried in the the cemetery.||4, 5|
||Nadworna was in the possession of the
|1648-51||Vicitms of the Chmielnicki Cossack pogroms buried in the the cemetery.||4, 5|
|Early 1700s||Organized Jewish community||11|
|1709||Earliest gravestone in the Jewish cemetery||10|
|mid 17th c.
||Frankist influence greatly increased in
|2nd 1/2 1700s||R' Zevi Hirsch of Nadworna av bet din.||11|
|25 May 1759
||Yehudah Leib ben Natan Krysa,
former rabbi of Nadworna, & close advisor to the false
Jacob Frank, converts to Roman Catholicism.
|1765||937 Jews paid the poll tax in Nadworna & surrounding villages. The town rabbi was R. Aharon ben Avigdor.||11, 16|
|1765|| 1002 Jews
lived in Nadworna.
|1772||1st Partition of Poland. Galicia becomes part of Austria-Hungary.|
|1773||Jewish marriage requires permission of government & payment of fee. Major decline in civil marriages.||13|
|28 Aug 1787||Hereditary surnames required as of 1 Jan 1788. Jews may not use the name of their tribe or locality.||13|
|1788||Jewish military conscription introduced.||13|
|1789||Jewish marriage requirements relaxed.||13|
||R. Zvi-Hirsch of Nadworna
||Rabbi of Nadwórna was R. Shlomo
|18 May 1835||R' Mordechai son of R' Issachar Dov Bertsche Leifer of Nadworna born.||12|
|3 Elul 1848||R' Issachar Dov Bertsche Leifer of Nadworna dies.||12|
|23 Apr 1848||Emperor Ferdinand abolishes the corvee, the last vestige of serfdom.||4|
|2nd ½ 19th c.
||Jewish ownership of oil wells,
refineries, windmills and sawmills in Nadworna.
|1861||Karl-Ludwig-Bahn from Kakrow to Lviv opens. 1st major railway in Galicia.||14|
|1865||R' Mordecai Leifer of Nadworna moves to Huszt.||12|
|1866||Lviv-Khodorow-Halych-Stanislau-Kolomea-Zablatow-Chernovitz rail line expansion opens. A more mobile population could avoid shtetl markets, a major source of Jewish income.||14|
|Dec 1867||Austria-Hungary emancipates ethnic groups. Jews not a distinct national group under Article 19, Statute 142.||6|
|1870\||Jewish ownership of a brewery and a match
factory in Nadworna.
|1880||Jewish population 4182 out of a total population of 6552.||11, 16|
||Zionist groups establish themselves in
||Jewish population 3618 out of a
total population of 7227.
|2 Nov 1897||Congregation Anshei Nadworna (People of Nadworna) landsmannschaft established in New York. Later renamed Erster Nadworner Kranken-Unterstützungs-Verein, and finally First Nadworna Sick and Benevolent Association. Synagogue built at 630 E. 5th St., New York.||5|
|1900||Jewish population 3644 out of a total population of 7525.||11, 16|
||R. Nahum son of Zvi Hirsch Burshtein
appointed town Rabbi.
||Fire destroys approximately 100 Jewish
homes and several prayer houses.
|1910||Nadworna Young Men's Benefit Association, a second landsmannschaft was established in New York||5|
||Jewish population 3772 out
of a total population of 8080.
|1912||First Hebrew school in Nadworna was founded by Zionists||5|
Zionist) grioup established.
||R. Nahum Burshtein leaves
Nadworna. No rabbi replaces him.
|1914||With the outbreak of WWI part of the town was burnt down including most of the Jewish homes.||5|
|Sep 1914 - Jun 1915||Russian and Austro-Hungarian armies battle in area of Delatyn & Nadworna. Front lines cross through both shtetls repeatedly. Details available in the WWI chronology .||9|
|8 Jul 1916||Brusilov offensive. Russian troops reach Delatyn.||1|
|Oct 1918||Austro-Hungarian Empire collapses.|
|13 Nov 1918||Western Ukrainian National Republic (ZUNR) proclaimed.||4|
|Nov 1918-12 Jul 1919||Eastern Galicia disputed between Poland & ZUNR.||7, 4|
||Jewish youths form self-defense forces to defend the community against Ukrainians.||16
|25 Jun 1919||Entente acknowledges Poland occupy Eastern Galicia.||4|
|28 Jun 1919||Treaty of Versailles.||7|
|12 Jul 1919||ZUNR collapses. Eastern Galicia occupied by Polish Army.||7|
|Feb 1919 - 12 Oct 1920||Polish-Soviet War.||7|
||Petlura's forces kill 6 Jews and wounded
|1920s||Poalei Zion, the General Zionists
Revisionists, HaMizrachi, the Mizrachi Workers, Radical Zionists,
the Zionist Youth, Achva and the Achva Youth, Hashomer Hatzair, Betar,
HaShachar, and Gordonia-Bosliya Zionist organizations were
|1921||Jewish population 2042 out of a total population of 6062.||10, 11, 16|
|1923||Eastern Galicia awarded to Poland by League of Nations.||7|
|1931||3437 Jews lived
in Nadworna .
|1934||Heri Kraus Nadworna Women's Auxiliary established in New York to maintain the synagogue at 630 East 5 St.||5|
|1938||Many Jews leave, "there was a smell of war in the air".||5|
|Sep 1939||Occupied by the USSR.|
|23 Oct 1939||Election with a single slate of candidates held in West Ukraine. 93% of population votes for annexation to the USSR.||4|
|Spring 1940||Soviets begin widespread deportations from West Ukraine to Siberia & Kazakhstan of Ukrainians, Polish, & Jewish leaders.||4|
|1941||Last known burial in the Jewish cemetery||10|
|1941||Jewish population approx. 5000.||11|
|22 Jun 1941||Germans attack USSR.||2|
|22-29 Jun 1941||NKVD slaughter political prisoners across West Ukraine prior to retreat. Major massacres occur in Lviv, Sambir, & Stanislawow.||4|
|6 Oct 1941||In Nadworna, 1/2 the Jews (2,500), murdered at Bukowinka (3 km from Nadworna).||5, 11, 16|
|winter 1941-2||Ghetto established.||11, 16|
|Summer 1942||Hundreds sent to Belzec death camp.||11|
|Summer - Fall 1942
||Jews escape from the ghetto & hide in
the forests. The majority are denounced or murdered by the local
population & by Ukrainian nationalist Bandera
|Sep-Oct 1942||Jews transported to Stanislau ghetto & killed.||11, 16|
|1942||Commander of Nadworna reports no more Jews remain.||5|
|End 1942||Ghetto destroyed.||11|
|26 July 1944
||Soviet troops retake
Nadworna. The few surviving Jews leave Nadworna.
|27 July 1944||Soviet troops retake Stanislawow.||4|
|8 May 1945||World War II ends in Europe.|
|6 May 1968
||Ernst Varchmin and others tried
in the Landgericht Munster (Higher District Court) for the mass, group,
& individual shooting & deportations of thousands of Jews,
& Ukrainians in Stanislau, Rohatyn, Kalucz, Nadworna, Delatyn,
Worochta, Jablonica, Dolina, Wyskow, & Bukowina.
|13 July 1972
||Ernst Varchmin sentenced to life
imprisonment by the Bundesgerichtshof (W. German Federal Supreme
|Aug 1991||Ukraine becomes an independent country.|
Nadworna Burial Societies with burial plots at the :
Baron Hirsch Cemetery. 1126 Richmond Avenue, Staten Island, New York
Copyright © 2000-2 David Sotkowitz, all rights reserved. Last updated 27 Nov 2002.