also known as: Monostor (HU), Monastýr (CZ), Monastiryets (RU)
48°17' N / 23°26' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Monostor
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Monastýr
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Monastiryets
and, since 1991, known as Monastyrets', in the Khustsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Monastyrets' are Monastir and Monastyrez.
Monastyrets' is located about twelve miles north-northeast of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Monastyrets' in the late 18th century.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, a number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Monastyrets' in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Monastyrets' were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Monastyrets' were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Monastyrets' were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Monastyrets' had about 1,891 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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