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Mizoch, Ukraine

מיזאָטש - Mizotch (Yiddish)
 'מיזוץ (Hebrew)
Mizocz (Polish)
Мізоч (Ukrainian)
Мизоч (Russian)


Lat: 50 24' N, Long: 26 09' E



KehilaLinks
Contents
Mizoch Homepage

The Yizkor Book of Mizocz

Family Stories

The Holocaust

Links

Monuments and Cemetery

Maps

Discussion Group
JewishGen Home Page
KehilaLinks Home Page

Updated: March 2021


Copyright 2021, Laurence Broun, Washington DC, USA

Your comments, corrections and contributions to this site are highly valued. Please contact: Laurence Broun

MIZOCH, A SHTETL LOST ...


The Jewish community of Mizoch perished in the Holocaust. It is remembered by the few remaining Jews who were born there, the descendants of those who emigrated before WWII and the descendants of a handful of survivors.

Jews settled in Mizoch in the 18th century. By 1897, the population of the town reached 2,662, including 1,175 Jews. The Jewish population spanned all economic classes. Jews owned factories for felt, oil and sugar production, as well as the flour mill and sawmills. Others became adherents of the Bund and other Jewish-socialist groups. Belief in Zionism was widespread in both socialist and religious circles. Hasidism, however, exerted the most decisive influence over the Jewish community. 

World War I and the Russian revolution brought turbulent times to the Jewish community. In 1918, hostilities between Bolsheviks and Ukrainian nationalists resulted in pogroms and in the Polish-Soviet war of 1920, Jews suffering at the hands of both forces. At the end of WWI, Mizoch and the surrounding region was ceded to Poland. By 1921, the Jewish population of Mizoch had dropped to 845, but again began to increase as the economy grew. 

In the 1920's and 1930's, under right-wing pressures, Poland imposed a variety of commercial restrictions on Jews. Trade within and between the Jewish communities of the region sustained their economy. Zionist movements continued to grow. Although animosity continued with adherents of Ukrainian nationalists who had earlier perpetrated crimes against the Jewish community, on a day-to-day relationships between the Jewish, Ukrainian and Polish communities were ongoing and basically neutral.

During the short-lived Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Mizoch and areas of eastern Poland were invaded and annexed by the USSR. In June, 1941 Nazi Germany invaded the area. Some 300 Jews escaped with the retreating Soviets.

In March, 1942 Jews of Mizoch and Jews from surrounding communities were forced in a ghetto in the old portion of Mizoch. On October 12, 1942 the ghetto of about 1,700 Jews was surrounded by Ukrainian Auxiliary Police and German policemen in preparation for the ghetto liquidation action. Some Jews fought back in an uprising which may have lasted as long as two days. About many residents went into hiding before the uprising was put down, but by October 14 all remaining Jews were captured and forced to a secluded ravine and shot. A handful of Jews escaped into nearby forests, some becoming partisans, others seeking to simply survive.

(Sources for this summary can be found in the "Links" section.)


THIS WEBSITE

The purpose of this website is remember the victims of the Holocaust, to memorialize the vibrant Jewish community that existed in Mizoch before the war, and to bring together any descendants of those who dwelt there. It is also the purpose of this website to caution all who visit these pages of the horror that grows like cancer from hatred, racism and xenophobia, and to promote a bond of friendship and solidarity with who work to free Ukraine, Poland and the world of such ancient animosities.


THE YIZKOR BOOK OF MIZOCZ

Our first major project is translation into English of the Yizkor Book of Mizocz. This is the only Yizkor Book that is being translated by university students. We are pleased to share their work on JewishGen and so very proud this generation of students has accepted the responsibility to preserve the memory of those who perished in the Holocaust.

YOU CAN SUPPORT THE STUDENT TRANSLATION PROJECT'S SUMMER INTERN PROGRAM WITH A DONATION TO THE
MIZOCZ YIZKOR BOOK TRANSLATION FUND!


JOIN US

Please join our community. If you are are descendant of the Jewish community of Mizoch, we would like to share your story and connect your family to this effort. We will also develop in this website the stories of other communities in this region who suffered from starvation and discrimination during this bleak time in history. Whatever your interest in Mizoch, please join us.

JOIN US

This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If it has been useful to you, or if you are moved by the effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity would be deeply appreciated.