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on the history of the Jewish community
in what is today Lyakhovichi, Belarus    

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This site is created as a way to further research and publication of materials on the history of Lyakhovichi.If you have been aided in your research and wish to contribute materials and resources to further our knowledge, contact Gary Palgon and ask how you can help.

This site is hosted at no cost by JewishGen, Inc., the Home of Jewish Genealogy. If you have been aided in your research by this site and wish to further our mission of preserving our history for future generations, your JewishGen-erosity is greatly appreciated.


Documents of Lyakhovichi History

Fifteenth thru Eighteenth Century Documents Created about Lyakhovichi Inhabitants
by Deborah G. Glassman copyright, 2005

This page is largely a glance at a set of future research reports none of which have yet been written. It is also a way to create a landing pad for a large collection of data that the Lyakhovichi Research Group has commissioned and already received - the names of over 700 residents of Lyakhovichi listed in the 1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Poll Tax and the names of over two hundred men further listed as patronymics in that register. From that same document, we have copies of the original images, we have the names extracted from them, we have the listing of small communities around Lyakhovichi where many of these "country Jews" lived at that time. We have details of households where we can see the names of wives of many of the men, and the names of children still at home. We have enough raw data that we can connect to later tabulations, to start to come to conclusions about the ordering of families in the later document. Hopefully, we will be able to do something similar for the 1784 Grand Duchy Poll Tax at such time as we move pack to its predecessor record - the information from the 1764 GDL Poll Tax. In May 2008, we have published the 1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Poll Tax for Lyakhovichi on our pages. You can find the original lists and special tools and images at
Grand Duchy Lithuania Poll Tax 1784
GDL Poll Tax 1784 Index and Tables
GDL Images

We are able to make solid connections from Nineteenth Century Russian records into the period of Eighteenth Century Grand Duchy of Lithuania records for more than seventy individuals as of May 2008. Hopefully more documents will turn up in the decades just before and after that will allow us to follow individuals even farther back in time. Even better, we may be able to determine some rules and patterns that will allow us to identify whole groups of people in 1784 and we can move to earlier records across a broad front.

Sometime in the eighteenth century, we may find ourselves with historical resources rather than genealogical resources - that is we will not be able to use them alone to confirm relationships, while still contributing to Lyakhovichi knowledge as a whole. But right now we continue to push that frontier back. So it is helpful to do a brief review of what is known to be available.

The Records of the Eighteenth Century

Despite the diligent efforts of Dr. Lamdan, nobody has yet found the Lyakhovichi 1805 Revision List and the 1795 Revision List has been equally elusive. (Though in May 2008, his investigations look particularly hopeful, we will keep you informed on the discovery progress) The 1795 List which was a Russian record recorded in Polish, would be an invaluable look at our community. But we would probably find that many of those who were present in the 1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Census and were also recognizable in the 1811 Revision List, were not in town in 1795. The 1805 registry of those who would keep taverns and wanted to be registered as Lyakhovichi meschanin showed that a huge percentage had fled the area during the period just before and after the Third Partition. When Russia finally claimed all of Poland, many of those who had helped defend Poland's cities, found it advantageous to be elsewhere when the Russians rolled in. The Taverner registry suggested that many of them had fled just fifteen miles north to the nearby community of Stvolovichi where 1795's Revision List, purportedly recorded many. But sooner than might have happened in other communities, Lyakhovichi Jews were encouraged to return. The nobleman who had owned the town last, had owned it for too short a time to make a notable impression on its Jews, but his support of Russia made a lasting impression on both Poles and Russians. He was hung by Poland as a traitor, but his widow received recognition from Russia for his services. Her brother Felix Potocki was made a general in the Russian armies, and the widow received the property and income from a town, that in Jewish population at least, was half the size of the important city of Slutsk. All of which meant that she wanted her Jews to come home and get back to work making money for her and that she could promise them they would be unmolested by the Russians. Still, we should look for the 1795 and 1805 Revision Lists for Stvolovichi to find Lechovichers, as well.

The transition of Lyakhovichi to Russian rule may have created some documentation in less obvious places, including those of the Russian military and the Russian intelligence services, which were having an important military facility handed to them by the head of the Lithuanian armies - Kossowski, who owned Lyakhovichi. it is unlikely that specific Jews are named in any correspondence, surveys, battle plans, et al, but maps have noted who was the owner or lessor of specific structures in an army's plan. Teresa Potocki Kossowski's widow's portion might have included an inventory, supporting documents for her estate claims might list those whose leased specific privileges in the town. Imperial Russian Records of the late eighteenth century are entirely unexplored. I invite you to help us find knowledgeable people, reference materials, and images, that we should reference in a furture research report on this subject.

Grand Duchy of Lithuania Poll Tax of 1784 This is the subject of an upcoming article by Dr. Neville Lamdan. Dr. Lamdan has been waiting until we were able to publish the Poll Tax pages themselves which we were just able to do in May 2008. Look for new material about this resource in a future update.

Fifteenth through Eighteenth centuries
(Future Research Reports)

Grand Duchy of Lithuania Census of 1764
Polish and Lithuanian Land Transfer
Testate/Intestate Proceedings.
Lawsuits (We know that a Lyakhovichi Jew was reported in a legal action in the 1550s.)
Military Taxation (We know that Lyakhovichi was counted in a 1529 Military Tax Census)
Serebszczyzna - Land Tax and Registered Exemptions
Petitions to the Polish King
Leasing of Privileges
Grand Duchy of Lithuania Statutes (We know that Lyakhovichi appears in several specific statutes including the one guaranteeing fairs in the fifteenth century)





Important Notes about This Page

All names on this page were included in Surname Index Nov 2009

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1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Poll Tax
First Page of Lyakhovichi enumeration