Towns In Krosno Province: 1919-1945

Web page author: Phyllis Kramer. You are visitor # since April 2003. Updated January 2017.

Krosno Province existed from 1945 to 1999; today the area is in Podkarpackie Province.

In 1900 there was a census (Gemeindelexikon), which was published in 1907. It did not contain any surnames, but did contain the area of the town in hectars, the institutions (schools, churches, synagogues, railways, markets etc), and it contained the population, broken down by "Rom. Katholisch", "Griech.-Katholisch" and "Israelitisch". The full Gemeindelexikon can be viewed on microfilm at any Mormon Family History Center.

On the left below is a map of the area; those towns that have KehilaLinks sites are circled!

Note: In parenthesis we list the population in 1900 where there was significant jewish presence, as total population/jewish population. Also noted is the presence of a synagogue (syn).

Baligrod, Barycz, Besko, Biecz, Biezdziedza, Blizne, Bratkowka, Brzozow, Bukowsko,
Chorkowka (5 miles West), Cieklin, Cisna, Czarna,
Debowiec (1900: 1423/53), Domaradz, Dukla (1900:3213/2539,syn, hebrew school), Dwernik, Dydnia,
Glowienka, Golcowa, Grabownica Starzenska,
Haczow Wislokiem, Harklowa,
Iwonicz Zdroj (1900:2775/68),
Jacmierz, Jasienica Rosielna (1900: 2302/546 jews, syn; 1929: 2080), Jasionow, Jaslo (1900: 6571/1524, syn), Jasliska, Jaszczew, Jedlicze(1900:560/125), Jurowce,
Klimkowka, Kobylany, Kolaczyce (1900: 1792/247), Komancza, Kombornia, Kopytowa, Korczyna (1900:5422/1026,syn), Krempna (1900:678/42), Kroscienko, Krosno (1900:4410/961,syn),
Laczki Jagiellonskie, Lesko, Libusza, Lipinki Biecza, Lobozew, Lubatowa, Lukowe, Leska, Lutowiska,
Malinowka, Miejsce Piastowe, Mrzyglod,
Niebieszczany, Nienaszow, Nowosielce Gniewosz, Nowotaniec, Nowy Zmigrod (see zmigrod nowy), Nozdrzec,
Odrzechowa, Odrzykon, Olszanica, Olpiny (1900:2955/318, syn), Osiek Jasielski (1900:982/257), Osobnica,
Polana, Polanczyk, Przysieki, Przysietnica,
Ropienka, Rowne Dukli, Roznowice, Rymanow Zdroj, Rzepedz,
Siedliska, Sanem, Skolyszyn, Stara Brzozowa, Strachocina, Szebnie, Szlachecki,
Targowiska, Tarnawa Dolna, Tarnowiec, Trzesniow, Tylawa,Tyrawa, Woloska, Uherce Mineralne, Ustrzyki Dolne,
Warzyce (1900:1198/40). Weglowka, Wesola Dynowa, Wetlina, Wislok, Wielki (1900:965/52), Wojtkowa, Wolkowyja, Wroblik,
Zagorz, Zaluz, Zarszyn,Zmigrod Nowy(1900:2289/1246,syn) Zrecin

. . . .

There are wonderful maps of the Area on the Lemko site. Click Here to see them Then click on your back arrow to return here.

Brzozow

We have many items from Brzozow, a small town near Krosno. The JewishGen Community page for the town, The Archives, the Cemetery, early property records and finally school records. And we have a family connection request.

The JewishGen Community Page for Brzozow

https://www.jewishgen.org/Communities/community.php?usbgn=-495708

Documents in the Polish Archives

from Routes to Roots Foundation, abstracted july 2018

The following documents are in the Polish Archives, as listed in rtrfoundation.org:

  1. In the Rzeszow State Archives, Sanok Branch, synatura 16:
    1. Birth 1885-1937 (1885-1907 are online at JRI-P)
    2. marriage 1885-1937
    3. death 1931-7
    4. Census: 1869. 1880. 1885-1887, 1933-6
    5. School Records: 1913 (see school records above)
    6. Tax List 1778-9
    7. Army Recruits 1849-66, 1884-1918
  2. In the Przemysl Archives: Notary Records from 1903-4, 1934-5
  3. In the Lvov Archives: Landowner Records, 1785-8, 1819-20, 1923
  4. Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw: Immigration/Aliyah Passports 1929-1939 (also on JRI-P)

The Cemetery in Brzozow

The BRZOZOW cemetery survey was completed in 1992 by the USCommissiion (#POCE000707). The following is adapted from their report.

In 1990 Dreiza and Natan Weiss from Israel establishyed a monument on the site of the mass grave of August 1942. In 1994 they began building a fence around the cemetery area. The uncovered pieces of gravestones were incorporated into the monument in the form of the tablets of law.
The cemetery is located on ul. Ceglowska. The cemetery, used by the Orthodox community, is located in a flat urban area. Although isolated, there is a sign in Polish mentioning the Jews. It is reached by turning directly off a public road and is open to all. The size of the cemetery is 0.36 hectares. Fewer than 20 gravestones remain, 75% toppled or broken, none in their original locations. They date from the 19th and 20th centuries and are of finely smoothed and inscribed sandstone or concrete, with inscriptions in Hebrew. There are also unmarked mass graves.
The present owner of the cemetery property, which currently has no other use, is unknown. The adjacent properties are residential. The cemetery was vandalized during WWII and occasionally since then. It has not been maintained and rarely has private visitors. Three of the remaining gravestones are lying flat on the ground, subject to weather erosion and vegetation overgrowth. Security is a moderate threat, while vandalism and pollution are slight threats.

Brzozow Property Records 1851

Russ Maurer posted the following on the galician discussion group in Frbruary of 2016:

The Przemysl branch of the Polish State Archives some time ago started to scan and post cadastral maps, landowner records, and other documents from its Geodetic (place-based) collection. I have now indexed the 1851 property records for the town of Brzozow, located about 15 miles east of Krosno. The records which were indexed may be accessed at
http://www.skany.przemysl.ap.gov.pl/show.php?zesp=126&cd=0&ser=126&syg=3

These records include the names of residents who owned either developed (built) parcels or cultivated parcels, or both, which is significant because many Jews owned developed parcels but not cultivated land. I have donated this index to Gesher Galicia for inclusion in the All-Galicia Database. I am also happy to make the spreadsheet available to any interested researcher without restriction. These records include likely or possible Jewish owners with the following surnames:
EICHENBERG, FASS, FRYDER, FURST, HEKENBERGER, KURCZ, MELLER, RITTERSCHILD, WERNER, WILLNER, and ZWICK

In addition to the owner's name, I have indexed the scan#, which makes it possible to jump directly to the correct document page with the owner's details from the main page linked above. I have also indexed the parcel numbers and the house number, which allows correlation to a cadastral map. The Przemysl PSA has posted an 1851 map, which is in 6 panels. The map is complete and includes both developed and cultivated parcel numbers as well as other features of a well-developed town. The map may be accessed at
http://www.skany.przemysl.ap.gov.pl/show.php?zesp=126&cd=0&ser=0&syg=158M
Thank you Russ!!

. . . .

Brzozow School Records 1920-1939

In 2018 Suzan Wynne found a manuscript in the Mormon catalog for Brzozow school records. The catalog reads:
Authors:State Archives. Przemysl (Przemysl) (Repository)
Format:Manuscript/Manuscript on Digital Images
Language:Polish
Publication:Salt Lake City, Utah : Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2014-2016

Suzan created the following spreadsheet from the records, adding
"Girls and boys attended school separately. I created an index in Excel for Jewish students from 1927-1937. Most of the records included date of birth, place of birth, and name of father. The mother was usually listed in the girls' records as well as an address, though I couldn't always understand the street name.If you are interested in receiving the index, send me an email." Suzan Wynne
Surname First Name Birth Year Birth Place Father Mother address Tuition Covered by:
Adler Osias 1919 Brozozow Leon
Bajles Josef 1914 Brzozow Izaak Fenster
Beiles Leia 1921 Samuel Ruchel 372 Piastowa
Braff Feiga 1921 Oswiecim David Cypora Rynek
Bruche Natan 1915 Wegry Majer
Diamont Nechuma 1923 Leib Sara 497 Schodowe
Diller Meilach 1919 Chaim Leib
Einsinger Izaak 1920 Pinchas
Einziger Izaak Pinkas
Feigenbaum Josef 1914 Jakob Jacob Fleischman
Feit Elias 1911 Blizne Naftali
Feit Leib 1914 Naftali
Friend Sara 1922 Nuchim Scheindel 85 Mickiewiecza
Fuller Alter Chaim 1919 Gedalia
Fuller Alter Schaye 1919 Gedalia
Fuller Israel 1921 Gedalia
Fuller Izaak 1921 Gedalia
Honig Chanan 1912 Felsztyn Josef Laner
Honig Feige 1914 Lipa Sure 32 Rynek
Jarmusz Sucher Wolf
Kellerman Leizor 1916
Kellerman Sussman
Kellerman Zygmunt 1921 David
Kerner Izaak 1908 Brzozow
Kornfeld Henoch
Kranzler Moses 1908 Brzozow
Kuflik Abraham 1913 Ustrzyki Dolne Samuel Proper
Kuflik Moses Osias
Kuflik Moses 1920 Osias Scheindel
Laner Cyla 1919 Samuel 2 Kazimierz
Lerner Fryda 1915 Chaje
Mann Majer 1919 Naftali
Manner Markus
Markus Laner 1911 Brzozow
Pinkas Frane 1923 Pinkas Hane 72 Rynwk
Reich Leib 1920 Jacob
Reich Leib
Roth Chaim
Roth Chaim 1913 Jacob Hersch
Roth David 1910 Izdebki Manes Weiss
Roth Henia 1921 Josef Berta
Roth Mendel 1914 Bukowsko Izaak Fenster
Rottenberg Hersch
Scherz Hersch
Scherz Josef
Scherz Leiser
Schnitzler Roza 1920 Abraham Sprinze 46 Kazimierz
Schweber Leib 1909 Brzozow Majer Boriche
Spindler Herman 1914 Brzozow
Spindler Mendel Gerschon
Spring Abraham 1916 Uscher Sara
Trinczer Matys 1914 Brzozow Markus Herman Rettig
Trinczer Samuel 1912 Brzozow Josef Laner
Trinczer Samuel
Weinberger Feivel 1919 Simche Hene
Weinberger Sabine 1917 Simche Sara
Weiss Necha 1919 Berl Ester Piastowa
Weiss Necha 1923 Elo Hersh Liba 68 Zamki..
Wendlinger Herman 1912 Przysietnica
Wendlinger Osias Chaim
Wendlinger Osias 1920 Chaim Feiga
Werner Ester Dwora 1914 Pinkas Cywia 491 Koscinski
Werner Izaak
Werner Salamon 1912 Brzozow
Wietschner Perl 1921 Moses Sara 18 Rynek

. . . .

. . . .

Families from Brzozow

Suzan Wynne july 2018

I just went into the JewishGen Family Finder database for Brzozow. It looks like a lot of people haven't checked in for a while. I'm interested in the FISHEL, GROSSINGER, and GRUMET families that lived in Brzozow before 1910. Dov Rubin is the Grumet family historian and we have long been in communication but I'm particularly interested in a Grumet family from Humniska, a town near Brzozow. Dov and I haven't been able to place that family firmly on the tree.

The FISCHEL brothers had daughters and the name seems to have died out. The daughters married into the INTRATOR/KRISCH, DIAMAND, GRUEN, FERGIZER and WERNER families. I'm hoping that someone out there is willing and able to share information on those Brzozow families. Did they leave Europe before the Shoah? Did anyone survive? Is there current information about descendants?

I own the yizkor book but that hasn't been helpful in any of my quests. Please click on my name if you wish to email me. Suzan Wynne

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

Chorkowka

a description from the Polish Genealogical Society's web page:

CHORKOWKA village, is located in Krosno County and... 5.6 miles from the city of Krosno. Chorkowka is 0.8 Miles long, including 4.47 miles of farm land. The village has 70 houses, 420 people, and is a part of Zrecin parish. It has a community with one grade school, (built of bricks), a money lending biuro - an institution founded by Ignacy Lukasiewicz - with funds up to 2000 Russian zloty. On the property of the local nobleman, Ignacy Lukasziewicz, there is a beautiful garden and palace built by the owner. A naphtha distillery founded by him in 1865 is one of the biggest in West Galicya and uses all unrefined substances from mines in Bobrka, Ropianka, and even Jasiel County. Chorkowka is located in the hill country on rye soil. The county high road connects Krosno with Zmigrod which has Macadem to Naphtha mines in Bobrce.

In 1876 Honorata Lukasiewicz from Warsaw founded a lace making school in Chorkowka. She brought a teacher from Poznan in 1875 and a big collection of point a l'aiguilles valenciennes entre deux and applied herself to the task of learning the art of lace making. After she had earned the secrets of the profession, she put herself in charge of the new school. Now the school and a small factory employ 12 girls and are tremendously successful. The type of laces they make is superior to Czech's Wirthschaftsspitzen and is much more practical than Valenciennes. There are some other lace making places in Wadowice County but their product cannot match the excellence of laces from Chorkowka Source Gag. Polska Nr.34, year 1880.

Source: Slownik Geograficzny translated by Michael Kurtin (This information was published between 1880 and 1902 and gives a view of this locality during that time frame).

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

Domaradz

dubiecko chevra

There are wonderful maps of the Area on the Lemko site. Click Here to see Domaradz today Then click on your back arrow to return here.

David Zwirn from Domaradz

In 2007 i met a lovely man named David Zwirn. He is a survivor who was born in Domaradz. He has kept in touch with many others, and has encouraged the posting of his stories and photographs.

The Way I Remember Domaradz; from the Eyes of a Child

by David Zwirn

Although it is 70 years since i spent some of my time in Domaradz, I cannot forget the good time I had there. I lived with my family in Korczyna. Every year for the passover holidays the whole family packed up and hired a horse and wagon with a man to take us to Domaradz. We could not wait to get there to see our grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins.

I remember the beautiful landscape, the rive, woods and hills surrounding the area. For us children is was a special exciting trip. The first thing when we arrived, we ran into the stable to see the cow and goat. Then we played in the back of the house on the wagons. This was a big thrill; I still remember the small of the stable, which seemed to me like a good perfume.

Our grandparents did not know what to do with us out of happiness. They were elated. They were poor people struggling for a living. They worked hard just to feed themselves. How can you forget this? They were very proud people.

What a horrible death. My grandfather was shot for protecting his children from separating from him. They were shot on the cemetery in Jasienice Rosielne and are buried there.Not only the Jews from Domaradz died there, also Jews from the surrounding villages. Over 1000 people were shot at that time. I was informed that the city has put up a marker plate on that spot.

My memory of the family is always in front of my eyes. In 1984 we visited Domaradz but I could not find any trace of the place they lived.

A letter to Cousins

by David Zwirn

My grandfather was Schloime, and his brothers were Wolf and Mailech.

My parents were send to Aushwitz 1942; my two brothers, Samuel 19 years old, and Lazar 6 also perished there.
zwirn The Photo at the left is Samuel Zwirn at his father's gravesite in Domaradz. The tombstone reads Milech 1853-1923, a man of knowledge and virtue. (editors note, Sept 2009: our local expert, Piotr, wrote that this was probably not in Domaradz as " there was not a Jewish gravesite in Domaradz. All Jews from Domaradz belonged to Jasienica 'kahal' and that's where the Jews from the the surrounding villages were buried".
I was send to a labor camp. In 1943 our camp was liquidated and we were sent to GROSSMASLOWIC. At this camp people were regrouped and sent to diferent places to work.
I remember we were on roll call; we were lined up 4 deep and several hundred feet long. In front of us stood a German lagerfirer, a judeneltester and capo holding a whip. He had a list in his hand, and was calling out names of the people to make up groups to send to diferent camps. All of a sudden he called Zwirn. I was on one end of the line We both started runing toward the lagerfirer, as did another man, on the other end of line. At that moment the capo yelled out pointing to me, you pig, you go back. The capo made an atempt to reach me with his whip; i ran back in line to avoid getting hit. I took a good look at the man and recognized him immediately as my cousin. I decided to try to find him. At that time there were proberbly several thousand people in the camp. After a long search i found him. I remember we huged each other. After a long convesatin we parted and never met again. We were sent to different labor camps.
Other parts of my family went to Morocco. A cousin told me Morocco was not well guarded and they took a chance. From Morocco under fire they boarded a ship to th U.S.
In the winter of 1944-1945, a cold and snowy winter, i was in Waldenburg Concentation camp. I walked 5 miles to work and back during that winter, with wooden shoes and no warm clothes; it was a horror; I barely made it.
David Zwirn.

The village of Domaradz by the Stobnica River

by Bill Leibner, Jerusalem August,2004

The village of Domaradz is situated 10 miles north east of Krosno, Galicia, Poland. The place is first mentioned in 1369 and in in 1384 it is handed over to the Bishop of Przemisyl. During the 15th century it was a pivotal place in the mountainous pass of Dukla. Czech and Hungarian goods passed here on the way to Poland and Russia and vice-versa. During the 19th century farmers primarily inhabited the place. Some of the latter worked at the local beer brewery.

Jews are first mentioned in 1808 and their number is given as 35 inhabitants. The national Polish census of 1921, established that 123 Jews lived in Domaradz and 3,386 non-Jews. Four Jewish families were farmers and the rest of the Jewish population was primarily involved in small business and peddling. Zionism reached this small Jewish community and in 1935, a youth section of the "Akiva" Zionist organization was established. The "General Zionist" party received 24 votes for its delegates to the Zionist Congress.

With German occupation of the area, the Jews in Domaradz numbered about 94 people, and included: Awraham Zwirn and family, Israel Hershko Zwirn, Hershko Zwirn, Leib Zwirn and family, Chaim Pasner and family, Chaim Pasner, Mehr Szymon Pasner and family , Lajb Pasner and family, and Mojzesz Pasner. The Jews were immediately forced to work on roads and bridges. The situation changed radically when Gestapo officials arrived in July 1942 and within minutes rounded up the small Jewish community. The old and sick were immediately shot. The rest were taken to the nearby ghetto of Jasienica Rosielne and shared the fate of that community. This ghetto was liquidated on September 11th, 1942 when most of the inhabitants were killed in the area. A few young people were selected and sent to the railroad station of Iwonicz and from there to the labor camp of Podgurze near Krakow. Thus ended the history of Jews in Domaradz.
Editor's Note September 2009: Our local expert, Piotr, has written: " According to the witnesses and official Polish sources it took place at August 11, 1942. It's quite reliable, as people remember it was wheat harvest time".

Bibliography:

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

Passports to Life: The Freifelds of Domaradz

by William Leibner, Jerusalem, 2009

The Freifeld family lived for many generations in the village of Domaradz (see above for history). The national Polish census of 1921, established that 123 Jews lived in Domaradz as opposed to 3.386 non-Jews. Four Jewish families were farmers and the rest of the Jewish population was primarily involved in peddling, artisanship and small business. Amongst the latter group we find the Freifeld family. Leib Freifeld was a successful businessman who also dealt in precious stones. He was married to Riwka Krantz and they had five children in Domaradz. The oldest was Awraham born in 1883, followed by Cila in 1888, Yaakov in 1890, Yehezkel in 1892 and Shmuel in 1896.

The family business grew and Leib married most of his children with the exception of Shmuel Freifeld. Awraham Freifeld married Regina or Reisla Hamel. Cila married the well known community leader of Korczyna Bendet Akselrod. Yaakov married Hinda and Yehezkel married Ruzia Ziskind. Some of the married children moved to nearby places but still within reach of Domaradz. The Freifeld family grew and expanded. Business flourished and Jewish life continued until WWI. The area was the scene of heavy battles and occupied by the Russians who tended to plunder in general especially amongst the Jewish population. The Jewish community in Domaradz was greatly impoverished during the war and barely existed. Pogroms and anti-Semitic disturbances followed the war and the establishment of an independent Polish State. The Jewish community was in dire financial distress and asked for help. It received some financial help mainly from the “American Joint” organization but economic conditions were slow in improving.

Shmuel Freifeld managed to reach Holland. He settled in Schveningen den Gravenhage and was naturalized on June 7th 1924. He loved music and attended frequently musical concerts. He survived the war but refused to talk about his experiences. Awraham and Reisla ( Hamel) Freifeld gave birth to the following children; Bertha 1907, followed by Benjamin Julius in 1910, Mendel in 1924, and Anna in 1925.They were all born in Domaradz or vicinity. The family left Domardz and headed for Cologne in Germany in 1929 where they resumed their dealing in precious stones and did rather well. But the anti-Semitic pressure was relentless in Germany and the family began to look for another place. It soon managed to obtain an entry permit to Belgium. Meantime Bertha married Wilhelm Karpiol native of Poland and they gave birth to a child in 1931 named Renee. The entire family with the exception of Wilhelm Karpiol left for Antwerp in 1932. He will join them illegally a month later. Wilhelm and Bertha will marry officially in accordance with Jewish law in 1937. They will give birth to a boy named Silvain in 1940. Wilhelm Karpiol and his two children will survive the war while his wife Bertha will be killed in a round-up of Jews in Antwerp in 1943. Benyamin Julius Freifeld managed to obtain faked Aryan papers and seemed to move about without hindrances. On examining the passport we notice that he is listed as Bernard Freifeld born in Holland residing in Lyon, France. He is a furrier and is heading to Italy where he picks up the passport that we saw above. The passport is even stamped by the official Roman administration on the 31st of December 1943 on page 28 of the document. He meets and marries Esther Emmy Lipschutz in the community of Schaerbeek Belgium on March 5th 1941. He also managed to obtain for her faked documents and the couple traveled throughout Europe until they reached a hiding place in Rome, Italy and survive the war. They return to Antwerp and soon give birth in 1946 to Charles Freifeld who was generous to donate to Yad Vashem his parents faked passports and their marriage certificate.

Anna and Mendel Freifeld both perished in German concentration camps, the former in Stuthoff and the latter in Flossenburg.Their father Awraham Freifeld was deported to Auschwitz where he was killed and his wife Regina was killed in Antwerp, Belgium.

Cila Akselrad nee Freifeld was born in 1888 and killed in Krosno, Galicia in 1943. She was married to Bended Axelrad who was killed in the Szebin concentration camp in Poland. They had five sons and a daughter. The oldest was Shmuel who was born in 1909 and married to Klara Rosenberg from Debice and they had a daughter named Irenka born in 1935. The second son was Shalom born in 1911 followed by Avraham born in 1922, Yehuda born in 1924, Levy born in 1930 and Bertha Akselrad born in 1932. All listed people with the exception of Awraham Freifeld and Bertha Freifeld perished in the shoah. Yaakov Freifeld married Hinda and they gave birth to three children; Lajbel, Shaul and Riva. They lived in Korczyna. The entire family perished in the shoah. Yehezkel Freifeld married Ruzia Ziskind and they had the following children: Marilka and Rivka. The entire family perished in the shoah.

With the occupation of Domaradz by the Germans, The Jews including the Freifelds were immediately forced to work on roads and bridges. The situation changed radically when Gestapo officials arrived in July of 1942 and within minutes rounded up the small Jewish community. The old and sick were immediately shot. The rest were taken to the nearby ghetto of Jasienica Rosielna and shared the fate of that Jewish community. This ghetto was liquidated on September 11th, 1942 when most of the inhabitants were killed in the area. A few young people were selected and sent to the railroad station of Iwonicz and from there to the labor camp of Podgorze near Krakow. Thus ended the history of all he Jews in Domaradz. William Leibner 26/4/2009 in Jerusalem
Editor's Note September 2009: Our local expert, Piotr, has written: " According to the witnesses and official Polish sources it took place at August 11, 1942. It's quite reliable, as people remember it was wheat harvest time".

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

"List of Jews of Domaradz Prior and During WWII"

Compiled by William Leibner, Jerusalem, 2009

Using Yad Vashem files (YA), interviews with survivors (P), and business directories (BD), Bill Leibner compiled the following list of residents for Domaradz:
Surname First Name Maiden Birthyear Birth Place WWI Residence Parents Or Spouse Source,Disposition
AXELRAD Feige Domaradz P;
AXELROD Bendet 1886 Korczyna Krosno Meshulem P; Sh
AXELROD Tzila Freifeld 1888 Domaradz Krosno Leib, Rivka Sp: Bendit P; Sh
AXELROD Shalom 1911 Krosno Bendit, Tzila P; Sh
AXELROD Awraham 1922 Krosno Bendit, Tzila ;survivor
AXELROD Yehuda 1924 ; Sh Krosno Bendit, Tzila P; Sh
AXELROD Levy 1930 Krosno Bendit, Tzila P; Sh
AXELROD Berta 1932 Krosno Bendit, Tzila Survivor
BARUCH Frida Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
BEIN Moshe Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
BEIN Chawa 1873 Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
BRENER Israel Domaradz P; Sh
FEIT Domaradz P
FERTIG Blima 1892 Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
FREIFELD Leib DomaradzDomaradz P
FREIFELD Rivka Krantz Domaradz DomaradzSp: LeibP
FREIFELD Abraham 1883 Domaradz Belgium Leib, Rivka P; Sh
FREIFELD Regina Hamel 1886 Rymow Belgium Sp: Regina P; Sh
FREIFELD Berta 1907 Domaradz Belgium Abraham, Regina P; Sh
FREIFELD Renee 1931 Domaradz Belgium Berta P; Sh
FREIFELD Silvan 1940 Belgium Belgium Berta P; Sh
FREIFELD Benyamin 1910 Domaradz Domaradz Abraham, Regina P; Sh
FREIFELD Yaakov 1890 Domaradz Korczyna Leib, Rivka P; Sh
FREIFELD Hinda Korczyna Sp: Yaakov YA; Sh
FREIFELD Lajbek 1923 Korczyna Yaakov, Hinda YA; Sh
FREIFELD Rivka Renia 1928 Korczyna Yaakov, Hinda YA; Sh
FREIFELD Shaul 1932 Korczyna Yaakov, Hinda YA; Sh
FREIFELD Shmuel 1909 Domaradz Krosno Bendit, Tzila P; Sh
FREIFELD Klara Rosenberg Dembica Sp: Schmuel P; Sh
FREIFELD Arneka 1935 Krosno Schmuel, Klara P; Sh
FREIFELD Yehezkel 1892 Domaradz Krosno Leib, Rivka P; Sh
FREIFELD Rozia Ziskind Jaslo Krosno Sp: Yehezkal YA; Sh
FREIFELD Marilka 1932 Krosno Yehezkel, Rozia YA; Sh
FREIFELD Rivka 1934 Krosno Yehezkel, Rozia YA; Sh
FREIFELD Shmuel 1896 Domaradz Holland Leib, Rivka P; survivor
GOLDBERG Szymon 1909 Krakow Domaradz P; survivor
HANDLER Hene Domaradz P; Sh
HANDLER Berl Domaradz P; Sh
MAN Lea 1895 Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
PASSNER Chaim Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
PASSNER Meir Shimon Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
PASSNER Leib Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
PASSNER Mojszes Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
PASSNER Tylie Domaradz P
RACHWAL Chaje Domaradz P
RACHWAL Chaje Reisel Domaradz P
RUBIN Domaradz Domaradz P ; Sh
SHUF Ester Domaradz Brzozow Y; Sh
SILBERMAN Moses Domaradz P
WEISSMAN Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Wolf Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Mailech 1853 Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN David Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Samuel 1923 Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Lazar 1936 Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Awraham Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Israel Hershko Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Leib Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Leib Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Schija Domaradz P
ZWIRN Shlomo Domaradz Domaradz P; Sh
ZWIRN Oscar Domaradz Salaman P
**********************************************************

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

"Domaradz Village (By the River) Stobnica"

by Benedykt Gajewski (1997)

Printed with the initiative of the City Administration in Domaradz

Translated by David Zwirn

(Pages 289 - 302) August, 2001

Before the Red Army entered the village of Domaradz, the Germans started the extermination of the Jewish population. At that time 33 families lived there comprised of approximately 90 people. Two months before the killing started, the Nazis gathered every Jew from the neighboring villages and ghettos including the town of Jasienice Rosielne where most of the Jews lived.

The Germans decided to kill the Jews in the cemetery. They prepared a list of all the Jews and instructed them to surrender in town at 9:00 in the morning. They were permitted to bring one hand bag and nothing else. The people living in the ghetto lived in deplorable conditions. Some tried to escape to nearby villages to find food. And, there was an effort at resistance by the Jews. This outraged the Nazis and if they found a Jew in hiding, they shot him on the spot.

September 11, 1942 was a Tuesday. At 8:00 in the morning, the ghetto in Jasienice was surrounded by the Gestapo which came from Krosno. They ordered the Jews to take their money and jewelry with them. The Jews knew that the end was near. They had received information that a day before, all the Jews in the nearby town of Brzozuw had been shot. Some tried to hide their valuables in the ground where they stood. Some people, in the presence of their tormentors, tried to destroy whatever they could so the enemy would have no use of it.

Then the selection started. The young people able to work were sent to the nearest train station in Iwonicz. Later they were sent to Krakau to the camp Podgurze. Older people and children were pushed toward big trucks. Some of the Jews were taken to the Jewish cemetery and ordered to dig trenches that were 15 meters long and 5 meters wide. A board was placed across the opening and as they walked across, they were shot. It was a beautiful, quiet day in the afternoon in Domaradz. The Gestapo forced the hostages to hurry by beating them with rifle butts. Some tried to resist, but the Gestapo created an atmosphere of fear by shooting several people. Abraham Freifeld and his wife, Mr. Weissman, Mr. Rubin and a woman whose name is not known were forced to strip off their clothes and were shot on the spot. The remaining Jews were forced to strip off their clothes prior to their execution. Older people were shot with pistols. Children were killed by grabbing by their legs striking them against tree trunks. All the possessions of the victims were put into baskets and confiscated by the Gestapo. Those who did not die from pistol shots were shot in the back of the skull with a revolver to make certain they were dead. This carnage lasted until 3:00 in the afternoon. After that, the Gestapo took a recess from their labors. Some witnesses heard singing and carrying on in the cemetery by the Gestapo. They starting drinking once they finished their job. In the meantime, the rest of the Jews awaited the inevitable. This was their gruesome fate.

The entire action was finished by 7:00 P.M. One could see traces of silent bodies, some cooking pots, some articles of clothing and toys. It is estimated that over 1,000 Jews were murdered, not including people from Domaradz, Woli Jasienice, Galcowej, Gwoznicy, Wesolej, Bliznego and Orzechowki. The bodies were covered with lime. A few days later, the bodies were covered with a thin layer of soil. If there had not been eye-witnesses, no one would know about the horrible massacre that took place that day and how many innocent people lost their lives. Time erases many facts. Some of what happened was forgotten. However, the horror of that infamous day will forever live in the hearts of mankind.

David Zwirn: Among those killed were my grandfather, uncles, aunts and cousins, a total of approximately 30. They were: Zwirn, Abraham from Plosina Domaradz (family of 4); Zwirn, Israel Hershko from Plosina Domaradz (1); Zwirn, Herszko from Plosina Domaradz (1); Zwirn, Leib, wife and children (4); Pasner, Chaim, lived in center of the village (5); Pasner, Chaim, lived in center of the village (1); Pasner, Mehr Szymon, horse dealer living in center of village (4) Pasner, Lajb, wife and children, lived in center of village (5) Pasner, Mojzesz from Gurka (1). Note: The only survivor of my family was Mehr Froim who survived the selection and was sent to a labor camp.

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

Iwonicz-Zdroj, The Spa Resort

By Bill Leibner, April 2014

The spa center Iwonicz-Zdroj is located south of Krosno and north of Dukla

The spa center of Iwonicz-Zdroj, better known as Iwonicz is located in the Krosno province. It is situated 16 kilometers south of the city of Krosno and 80 kilometers south of Rzeszow, Poland. The place is located about 400 meters above sea level and surrounded by hills covered with trees. Already in 1578 it was known as a health spa. Iwonicz contained a variety of mineral waters and mud baths that helped people. The place developed and became a leading health spa center in Galicia. In the summer, and to a certain extent in the winter, many well-to-do people spent their vacations in Iwonicz. Some people even built summer homes in the area.
The photo to the left is the summer and winter resort home of the Akselrad family in Iwonicz-Zdroj.

The number of health establishments kept growing. Iwonicz had a small population of about 2,000 people during the year but this number greatly increased during the summer or winter vacation seasons.

In 1785 we find 18 Jews in Iwonicz and by 1921 there are 61 Jews in the hamlet. The Jews in Iwonicz were under the supervision of the Jewish community of nearby Dukla. There was a small Jewish community in Iwonicz that grew with time. According to Batia Akselrad, her father helped built the synagogue in Iwonicz where rabbis like Shmuel Fuhrer or Moshe Twerski prayed when on vacation in Iwonicz. Many hotels provided religious services within their premises for the orthodox Jews. With time, Jewish shops like butcher shops, bakeries, fish stores and restaurants opened to provide the needs of the Jewish population especially during the tourist easons.

Many Krosno Jews spent their vacations in nearby Iwonicz, notably rabbi Moshe Twerski and the Akselrad family. The photo on the right is Bended Akselrad, head of the Krosno Jewish community, drinking the mineral water at the Iwonicz spa.

The wonderful photos below were taken from Dr. Bialywlos-White's book entitled “Mensch”. The photo below left is (from left) Bendet Akselrad, head of the Jewish community in Krosno; Rabbi Moshe Twerski, Hassidic rabbi of Krosno; and a close follower of the rabbi strolling in the spa center of Iwonicz.

Iwonicz also had Jewish families that lived permanently in the hamlet, amongst them the Glazier and the Lusthaus families. Edmund Lusthaus was a physician and his wife Helena studied pharmacology prior to the war. They were assimilated Jews who spoke only Polish. The Lusthaus family survived the war; Edmund was drafted into the Polish army and taken prisoner by the Russians in 1939, where he later joined the Polish Army that left Russia and fought with the Allies. Helena Lusthaus and her daughter, Elizabeth, managed to reach Tarnow where they had family. Mrs. Lusthaus worked as a pharmacist for the Germans and managed to obtain “Aryan” papers for herself and her daughter that saved them. They were eventually liberated by the Russian army and left Poland. The entire family met in Italy where Edmund was stationed with the Polish Army.

Here is what Dora Beinfish-Cohn, a resident of Krosno and Iwonicz , had to say about Iwonicz-Zdroj. “We lived in Krosno in a large house. My father was an engineer. The family acquired a big parcel of land from the ‘Chrabia,’ or Count Zatuski who owned a good part of Iwonicz but was always short of cash. The family decided to built a 44-room hotel named the ‘Bristol’ and 2 apartment buildings with stores on the ground floor. The entire project was finished in 1939 just before the beginning of the war. The family moved to Iwonicz.”

On entering Iwonicz the Germans converted the hotel to a military hospital. They soon ordered all the Jews to leave the spa center and proceed to the Ghetto of Rymanow. Dora Fishbein-Cohn survived the war due to the extensive support she received from the Zatuski family at the beginning of the German occupation. Later she was assisted and protected by Mrs. Dunajewski and the Kazarski family in the village of Wola Komborska.

Another small Jewish community was devastated without leaving a trace of Jewish existence in Europe.

Bill Leibner, Jersalem March 2014
Sources:

  • The pictures of the house and Bendet Akselrad was graciously given to us by Batia Eisenstein nee Akselrad, the daughter of Bendet Akselrad, the Krosno community leader. She also gave some details about Iwonicz-Zdroj.
  • The Rabbinical pictures were sent to us by Dr. White formerly Bialywlos from his book entitled “Mensch” (p.37). He gave me permission to use the items.He was a native of Krosno and survived the Shoah. He knows quite a bit about Krosno and suorrondings.
  • Dora Beinish gave us a bit of information. So did Dr. Herbert Breite formerly Breitowicz who suddenly passed away last month.

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents

. . . .

Jedlice

Jedlicze History

By Bill Leibner

The hamlet of Jedlicze, pronounced Yedlitche or Yedlitz in Yiddish is located between Krosno and Jaslo, then Galicia, now Poland. Near the hamlet was situated the estate of Jedlicze. Historically speaking very little is known about the hamlet or about its Jewish inhabitants. The fact remained that there was no organized kehilla until the beginning of the 20th century. Up to then, the Jews of Jedlicze belonged to the kehilla of Jaslo and later Krosno. The area underwent an economic awakening with the opening of a railway station at the end of the 19th century. The new economic opportunities attracted Jews who were primarily engaged in commerce and trades. The non-Jewish population consisted of farmers, estate and railway workers.

The influx of Jews provoked anti-Jewish pogroms in 1898 that were suppressed by the army. The Jews organized a small kehilla that invited a schochet (ritual slaughterer), Mr. Epstein and later a rabbi, Menahem Nachum Waksberg. Rabbi Waksberg left for Krakow and was replaced by Rabbi Itzhak Weisbrot. The kehilla built a mikva, a small synagogue, organized and maintained a cheder for boys and a beit Yaakow for girls; there was a also gmilat hessed (charity) fund for the poor. There was no Jewish cemetery, the dead were buried in Krosno. The Jewish community was overwhelmingly orthodox. The community suffered greatly following Polish independence. A pogrom destroyed many Jewish homes and stores.

After the pogrom, the Jewish community slowly started to rebuild itself with the assistance of various help organizations. Zionism appeared in the hamlet and some contributions were even made to Zionist funds. With the beginning of WWII, the Germans air force attacked the railway station and the oil refinery of Jedlicze. The SS made its appearance in the middle of September 1939 and searched all Jewish homes under the pretext that weapons were hidden. The search was carried out brutally and most valuables items disappeared. All holy books and written materials were assembled and burned in the main street of Jedlicze.

Starting January 1940, all Jews were forced to wear white armbands with a blue star of Dawid .Then all fur items were confiscated. Jews were of course always grabbed for various work details. The Jewish population increased from about 150 in 1939 to 500 people in 1941 since all the Jews in the area were forced to move to Jedlicze. The hamlet also received Jews from Krakow, Tarnow, Gorlice and Jaslo. The Jewish population was pauperized and appealed to the J.S.S. (Jewish Self Assistance) in Krakow for help. As many as 200 Jews were assisted by this organization. Then, on July 14th, 1942, the brutal Ukrainian police drove all the Jews to Krosno where they were kept at the Wudeta factory for three days without food or water. They then joined the Jewish community of Krosno and shortly after shared the destiny of the Jews of Krosno, namely the death camp of Belzec.

About 20 Jews survived the war, some in Russia and others in hidding or in camps. Most of them came to Israel or the USA. Some of them joined the First Men's Krosno-Yedliczer Benevolent Association in New York.

Sources: Pinkassei Kehilot, Yad Vashem and personal interviews with survivors.

William Leibner 17/11/03

The following are some sources for Jedlice

  • Weiner's Routes to Roots website here: http://www.rtrfoundation.org/search.php
  • Translation of “Jedlicze” chapter from Pinkas Hakehillot Polin https://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol3_00222.html
  • Jedlicze History: http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/article/jedlicze/5,history/
  • Also very interesting: Sydney barrister attends grave dedication in Poland http://www.jwire.com.au/news/sydney-barrister-aattends-grave-dedication-in-poland/25892

. . . .

There are wonderful maps of the Area on the Lemko site. Click Here to see Jedlicze today (Middle left of map); Then click on your back arrow to return here.

. . . .

Krosno Yedliczer Young Men's Burial Association

by Elissa Sampson Elissa wrote: I see on JewishGen you are looking for info about Krosno Yedliczer. My great great uncle Izzy Moskowitz was the president of the society; eventually his nephew by marriage, that is my grandfather Abe Hecht, became president and when he was older and ill in the 1970s, the papers all went to the funeral parlor on Coney Island Avenue Brooklyn where my mother says that they should still be.
On the right is a photo of the gate to the Krosno Yedliczer plot with Izzy (Isidore's name). His wife was Yetta. What I don't know is how they ended up running the Krosno Yedliczer in the Lower East Side.

Landsmanshaft cemetery plots in the New York Area

  • Yedliczer Young Men's Benevolent Society - Beth David (Elmont) Cemetery
  • Yedliczer Young Men's Benevolent Society - Beth Israel Memorial Park

List of Graves

was sent to me, but i frankly dont have the source. Phyllis

. . . .

Jedlicze

The following list was posted on the Yad Vashem website. We have created a table of the names contained. As best i can translate it is a list of victims. If anyone can help translate the titles, please do.
Given Name Surname ? ?
Hersch Aster 6 6
Roza Bigajer 5 5
Mater Brand 5 5
Sender Feierenier 5 5
Hinda Felber 6 6
Eliasz Feller 3 3
Simon Friess 4 4
Gimpel Friess 3 3
Chaim Friess 3 2
Leo Glicksman 2 3
Scheindel Glicksman 5 5
David Henberger 2 4
Abraham Holger or Holser 2 5
Chaim Lambik 3 3
Samuel ? Mendel Landau 3 3
Alter November 4 4
Tauba Reicher 5 5
Beruch Rienbaum 2 2
Herman Steinlaus 5 5
Eidel Weiss 4 4
Hinda Wolf 3 3
Fumen? Wolf 2 2

Return to Krosno's Table of Contents