also known as: Gernyés (HU), Kopašnovo (CZ), Kopashnevo (RU), Kopashnev (Yid)
48°08' N / 23°49' E
~ Introduction ~
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Kopashnovo was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Gernyés in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Kopašnovo in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Kopashnevo and, since 1991, known as Kopashnovo, in the Khustskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Kopashnovo was known as Kopashnev.
Other spellings/names for Kopashnovo are Kopaschnowo and Kopašno.
Kopashnovo is located about 12 miles ENE of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Kopashnovo in the mid-18th century and in 1768, eight Jews lived here.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 115 (of a total population of 1,292), and in 1910, 207.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 190. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population dropped to 211.
With the Hungarian occupation of Kopashnovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Kopashnovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population increased to 247, it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Kopashnovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Kopashnovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Kopashnovo had about 3,161 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 656 Budapest, 1941
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
Leah ARONSON, Canada
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Debbi KORMAN, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Kopashnovo Jewish families: