also known as: Ungsasfalva (HU), Orlova (CZ), Irlyava (RU)
48°31' N / 22°35' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Ungsasfalva
in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Orlova
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Irlyava and, since 1991, known as Irlyava, in the Uzhhorodskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Irlyava are Orlyava, Irľava and Orľava.
Irlyava is located about 17 miles ESE of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Irlyava in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 85.
By 1910, the Jewish population increased to 89.
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population dropped to 83. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population increased to 95.
With the Hungarian occupation of Irlyava in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Irlyava were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 110 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Irlyava were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Irlyava were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Irlyava had about 270 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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