also known as: Iloncza (HU), Ilnice (CZ), Il'nitsa (RU), Yilnitse (Yid)
48°21' N / 23°05' E
~ Introduction ~
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Il'nytsia was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Iloncza in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Ilnice in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Il'nitsa and, since 1991, known as Il'nytsia, in the Irshavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Il'nytsia was known as Yilnitse.
Other spellings/names for Il'nytsia are Ilnica, Ilniţa, Ilonca, Illnica and Il'nycja.
Il'nytsia is located about 3 miles NNE of Irshava (Ilosva).
Jews probably settled in Il'nytsia in the early 19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 475 (of a total population of 2,872).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 759. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture. Of the youth groups, the most active were the Orthodox, such as Pirhei Agudat Israel.
With the Hungarian occupation of Il'nytsia in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Il'nytsia were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 887 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Il'nytsia, about 800, were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Il'nytsia were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Il'nytsia had about 8,902 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 546
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Gilberto JUGEND, Israel
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Il'nytsia Jewish families: