also known as: Tarfalu (HU), Hoľatín (CZ), Golyatin (RU), Huliatin (Yid)
48°39' N / 23°26' E
~ Introduction ~
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Holiatyn was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Tarfalu in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Hoľatín in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Golyatin and, since 1991, known as Holiatyn, in the Mizhhirskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Holiatyn was known as Huliatin.
Other spellings/names for Holiatyn are Óholyatin, Holjatin, Holjatyn and Golyatyn.
Holiatyn is located about 10 miles NNW of Mizhhirya (Ökörmező).
Jews probably settled in Holiatyn in the early 19th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 43 and in 1880, the Jewish population increased to 58.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 158. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Holiatyn in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Holiatyn were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had dropped to 138 (of a total population of 970) and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Holiatyn were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Holiatyn were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Holiatyn had about 103 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 522
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Ari TESSLER, Belgium
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Holiatyn Jewish families: