||District: Borsod 14 miles N of Miskolc 94.3 miles NE of Budapest
||48░18' N, 20░44' E
The Jewish Community Before 19441
The first information we get about a Jewish family in Edeleny is in the 1736 census,
but we only talk about a formal Jewish orthodox community from the 19th century on. The
synagogue was built in 1900. By the year 1930, there were 230 Jews among the population
of 3000 in the village.
The Israelite Elementary School2
In this school children studied for six years of which the first four were mandatory
and the two others were part of private education. The Jewish school was considered
better than the public school that is why many non-Jews also studied there. At the
end of every year the pupils got a certificate. There were no numeric grades, only
remarks of passed or failed. After studying six years in EdelÚny, those who wanted
to continue with secular studies had to travel to Miskolc.
The EdelÚny Yeshiva3
In the year 1921 a Yeshiva was established by Rabbi Israel Alter Landau, the son in
law of the great Reb Shayale Keretuter. Every semester there were 50 to 60 boys who
came from the surrounded area. Rabbi Landau demanded from the yeshiva boys to be punctual
and complete (the equivalent in Hebrew is: daykabut and yesodiyut).4 They had
examinations at the end of every week. The exams were with open book -the Gemora- to
see if the boys understood and not only memorized what they had studied.
Rabbi Landau passed away on January 26, 1942 - the 12th of Shvat 5702. His mausoleum
is in the Jewish cemetery (Israelite Temeto) in EdelÚny.
Rabbi Landau's postcard
To the memory of the Rabbi, the yeshiva students and the families of the Edeleny
Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust, we dedicate a study from tractate Shabbat
in the Gemora p. 30, 2, that we found among papers of his students.5
The gematria shows
that the person who runs only after money will have his hands burnt
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1Abraham Fucks, Israel.1987: "Yeshivot Hungaria cgedukatan & bechorbanan"
v. II p. 73
2Memories of Lichtig Shalom (Shoni) told to his grandchildren in a family
4Memories of Lichtig Shalom
5Bogler Zvi (Dejo) and Lichtig Shalom