also known as: Szőllősgyula (HU), Selešd'ula (CZ), Gyula (RU)
48°03' N / 23°07' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Szőllősgyula
in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Selešd'ula
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Gyula
and, since 1991, known as Dyula, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Dyula are Ďula, Djula and Yulivtsy.
Dyula is located about 13 miles S of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Dyula in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 43 (of a total population of 416).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 63.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 51. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 43.
With the Hungarian occupation of Dyula in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Dyula were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 54 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Dyula were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Dyula were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Dyula had about 1,421 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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