also known as: Dombó (HU), Dubové (CZ), Dubove (RU)
48°10' N / 23°53' E
~ Introduction ~
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Dubove was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Dombó in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Dubové in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Dubove and, since 1991, known as Dubove, in the Tiachivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Dubove was known as Dibeve.
Other spellings/names for Dubove are Dombo and Dubovoye.
Dubove is located about 27 miles E of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Dubove in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 347 (of a total population of 2,271).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 737.
Both Zionists and Orthodox youth organizations were active in the community.
In 1941, the Jewish population was 984 (of a total population of 6,003).
With the Hungarian occupation of Dubove in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Dubove were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Dubove were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944. A few Jews from Dubove escaped to the forests and joined with the partisans.
A great many of the Jews from Dubove were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Dubove had about 9,261 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 337
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Dubove Jewish families: