also known as: Tiszaszirma (HU), Sirma (CZ), Drotintzi (RU)
48°06'28" N / 22°59'13" E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Tiszaszirma
in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Sirma
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Drotintzi
and, since 1991, known as Drotyntsi, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Drotyntsi is located about six miles SSW of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Drotyntsi in the mid-18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 57.
By 1910, the Jewish population increased to 65.
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 80. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population dropped to 71.
With the Hungarian occupation of Drotyntsi in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Drotyntsi were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 75 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Drotyntsi were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Drotyntsi were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Drotyntsi had about 200 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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