also known as: Repede (HU), Rjapity (CZ), Ryapid (RU)
48°28' N / 22°49' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Repede
in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Rjapity
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Ryapid
and, since 1991, known as Bystrytsya, in the Mukachevskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Bystrytsya are Bistricja, Bystrytsya, Ryapid' and Ryapidâ.
Bystrytsya is located about 9 mi. NNE of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Bystrytsya in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 57.
With the Hungarian occupation of Bystrytsya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Bystrytsya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Bystrytsya were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Bystrytsya were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Bystrytsya had about 1,086 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 224
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