also known as: Tiszabogdány (HU), Bogdan (CZ), Bogdan (RU), Bohdan (Yid)
48°03' N / 24°22' E
~ Introduction ~
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Bohdan was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Tiszabogdány in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Bogdan in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Bogdan and, since 1991, known as Bohdan, in the Rakhivskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Bohdan was known as Bohdan.
Other spellings/names for Bohdan are Bochdann, Bogudan, Bilá Tisa and Byala Tissa.
Bohdan is located about 15 miles ENW of Tyachiv (Técső).
Jews probably settled in Bohdan in the mid-18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 123 (of a total population of 2.060).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 275. A number of Jews were farmers, mainly raising cattle. Jews were very active in local life with a few elected to the municiapal council and one chosen as deputy chairman. Of the youth groups, the most active were the Bnei Akiva, Hehalutz, Ha-Oved and others.
With the Hungarian occupation of Bohdan in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, a few dozen Jews from Bohdan were drafted into forced labor battalion in a camp nearby the town and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 329 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there. A rescue committee in the town helped Jewish refugees from Poland reach Budapest.
The remaining Jews of Bohdan, were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Bohdan were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Bohdan had about 3,364 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 165
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Shani NAFTALI, Canada
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Bohdan Jewish families: