also known as: Kiskirva (HU), Bělovarec (CZ), Belovartzy (RU), Bilvaritz (Yid)
48°02' N / 23°42' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Kiskirva
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Bělovarec
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Belovartzy
and, since 1991, known as Bilovartsi, in the Tiachivskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Bilovartsi was known as Bilvaritz.
Other spellings/names for Bilovartsi are Bjelovarec, Bilovarci, Bilovarecz, Kis-Kirva, Malá Krivá and Bilovartzi.
Bilovartsi is located about six miles ENE of Tyachiv (Técső).
Jews probably settled in Bilovartsi in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 101 (of a total population of 528).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 132.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 143. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 160.
With the Hungarian occupation of Bilovartsi in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Bilovartsi were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 141 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Bilovartsi were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Bilovartsi were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Bilovartsi had about 992 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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