also known as: Bereznek (HU), Berezník (CZ), Berezniki (RU), Bereznik (Yid)
48°31' N / 23°13' E
~ Introduction ~
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was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Bereznek
in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Berezník
in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Berezniki
and, since 1991, known as Bereznyky, in the Svaliavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Bereznyky was known as Bereznik.
Bereznyky is located about 12 miles ESE of Svalyava (Szolyva).
Jews probably settled in Bereznyky in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 48 (of a total population of 1,249).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 73.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 83. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 104.
With the Hungarian occupation of Bereznyky in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Bereznyky were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 76 and it was at this time, a Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Bereznyky were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Bereznyky were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Bereznyky had about 3,053 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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