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ZHABOKRYCH, UKRAINE


Zhabokrich, Ukraine


Жабокрич, Yкраïна


ז׳בוקריץ׳




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 Compiled by Marla Waltman
mailto:waltman.marla@gmail.com

Created 06-25-2016

Revised 06-26-2017

Copyright © 2017 Marla Waltman

webmaster: richard L baum


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Welcome to the Kehilalinks site for Zhabokrych (Zhabokrich in Russian), a town in southwestern Ukraine. This site was created to share information about Jewish Zhabokrych, to commemorate its Jewish community that existed before the great emigration of the early twentieth century, and to remember its members who were lost in the Holocaust. 

News

For updates on newly uploaded information or for special projects, you should check the News page.

Background

Zhabokrych (then Zhabokrich), located in Vinnytsia oblast, can be found between the watersheds of the Southern Bug and the Dneister rivers. Jews settled in Zhabokrych early in the eighteenth century. By 1765, there were six Jewish families, consisting of forty Jews, living in Zhabokrych. A century later, there was a synagogue serving one-hundred-twenty parishioners.

The first railway to be built in the Ukrainian part of the Russian Empire was a track from Odessa to Balta. This railway connected the agricultural regions in the north of Odessa Oblast to Odessa, the seaport on the Black Sea. In 1870, the railway was extended from Balta to Kyiv (Kiev), and was known as the Odessa-Kyiv railway. The extended railway included a stop at the small town of Kryzhopil, five miles west of Zhabokrych.

Kryzhopil Train Station
Kryzhopil Train Station

Access to the railway brought work and greater mobility for the people in Kryzhopil and the smaller villages nearby. At the turn of the twentieth century, many Jews from the nearby villages of Kniazhe (now Radyanske), Zhabokrych and Shpikov (Shpykiv) migrated to the new regional centre of Kryzhopil. The pace of life was faster in Kryzhopil than in the villages and the economic opportunities for Jews were more numerous. Easy access to the railway (known in the Soviet era as the Vapniarka-Rudnitsa line)  encouraged travel to cities such as Odessa, and it would become a lifeline for Jews throughout the years leading up to World War Two, as Jewish families began to buy and sell goods that they then transported by rail between Kryzhopil and Odessa. A more extensive history of Kryzhopol, for now in Russian, can be found on the Kryzhopil Kehilalink History page.


In 1897, Zhabokrych was home to 1,307 Jews, out of a total population of 6,252 inhabitants.


Location: Today, Zhabokrych is a hub for four roads extending along the four points of the compass: north to Sokolivka (9.9 kilometers); west to Kryzhopil (10.6 km); east to Obodivka (19.2 km); and south to Pavlyka (9.2 km).

Most commonly used town names: In the days before they emigrated, most Jews called the town Zhabokritch, due to their use of the Russian pronunciation and spelling of the town name. Since 1991, the town has been known by its Ukrainian name of Zhabokrych.

Name variations: Ukrainian: Zhabokrych - Жабокрич
Russian: Zhabokrich - Жабокрич
Yiddish: ז׳בוקריץ׳
Polish: Żabokrzych

Nearest large cities: Moghyliv-Podilskyy (54 miles/87.1 km W)
Vinnytsya (63.5 miles/102.2 km NNW)
Uman (61.5 miles/98.95 km ENE)

Do you have roots in Zhabokrych?
Would you like to connect with others researching the same community?
Click here to search for 'Zhabokrych' or 'Zhabokrich' in the JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF) database.  



Basic links

The JewishGen Ukraine Database is a multiple database search facility which incorporates all the databases listed below. These databases have been contributed by the JewishGen Ukraine SIG and individual donors. The combined databases have over 1.2 million entries on individuals living in the area that is now Ukraine. 
You may search for information about Zhabokrych in each of the following databases, by adding the town name, either as Zhabokrych or Zhabokrich in the JewishGen Ukraine Database:
  1. JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF)
  2. Yizkor Books
  3. JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry (JOWBR)
  4. Vsia Rossiia Business Directories
The database is a work in progress and new entries are added regularly.




This site is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If it has been useful to you, or if you are moved by the effort to preserve the memory of our lost communities, your JewishGen-erosity would be greatly appreciated.


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